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- ItemImplementation of the refugee policies: A case of refugee land rights in Nakivale refugee settlement(2023-09-08) Ivan SenyonjoThe study examined the implementation of the refugee policies: a case of refugee land rights in Refugee Settlement Camp in Nakivale. This research was guided by three objectives: identifying the implementation mechanisms of the refugee land rights policies, reviewing the implications of implementing refugee policies; a case of refugee land rights on local communities and reviewing the implications of implementing of refugee policies; a case of refugee land rights on refugees. The research was conducted using a descriptive survey research design and specifically employing a mixed methods approach. Purposive and simple random sampling was used to get a sample of 123 respondents that were interrogated in this study. Data was collected using questionnaires with 103 refugees and nationals from Nakivale Refugee Settlement and interviews with 20 government officials. Findings, of the study reveal that there is still a high level of ignorance among the refugees and the local communities about the refugee land rights in Uganda as the government has not done enough to sensitize these people about these laws and how they work which could be one of the reasons for the continued conflicts between host communities and refugees. However, despite of the increase in the number of refugees in Refugee Settlement camp in Nakivale, the government has tried to ensure that they provide land to the refugees to enable them practice farming and produce their own food for sustainability purposes. Furthermore, the study findings conclude that the right to possess land or distributing land to the refugees rests with the Office of the Prime Minister in Uganda. Finally, it can be noted that the available refugee land rights are fair; however, the challenge has come with the implementation of these refugee land rights since the refugees feel that the government and international organisations are not doing much in enforcing these rights. Finally, the study recommends the need for the government through its different stakeholders like the Prime Minister’s Office; needs to take a lead in ensuring that all the people in the refugee camps are made aware of their rights to land ownership. The government through the Parliament and the legal team need to embark on the process of amending the refugee land ownership policies. Finally, there is need to put tough punishments for the people that do not respect refugee land rights.
- ItemManagement of refugees and socio-economic development in Kigoma region northwestern Tanzania(2023-09-11) Veronica Samuel NdombaThe study examines the impact of the presence of refugees on the socioeconomic development in the host communities in Kigoma region, Northwestern Tanzania. The study was motivated by the increased visible conflicts between the host population and refugees in Kigoma region regarding whether they are an asset or burden to the socioeconomic sphere of the state. Consequently, the study was conducted in Kasulu district that hosts the largest refugee camp in the region; hence its population bearing the testimonies of the effects of hosting refugees for a long period in their communities. Specifically, the study sought to examine the effect of the refugees’ influx on social service delivery to the host communities; analyze the economic benefits and losses because of the refugee settlements or camps in host communities; and assess the role of Government and International Organizations/Non-Governmental Organizations intervention in mitigating the effects of refugees in host communities. The cross-sectional research design was observed alongside the mixed methods approach that was applied on a sample of 132 respondents. The study findings draw a conclusion that the local people have benefited by the provision of social services because of the coming of the refugees; the social services sector is the sector which has benefited more from the presence of refugees. The sector, especially the condition of health facilities and the level of services improved with the arrival of the refugees. The health sector received substantial investment which contributed to the construction of several hospitals and clinics that were easily accessible in terms of distance and time by the residents in the community. Moreover, the social economic benefits or losses due to the arrival of refugees in the host communities were mixed. Refugee-related insecurity led locals to evacuate their homes and confiscated valuable property from local communities. On the other hand, the presence of refugees increased marketing and business prospects, as well as financial output. While refugees also supplied inexpensive labor, refugee activities gave locals job chances. The Government of Tanzania and its international relief counterparts have been on the frontline in ensuring the societies affected by the influx of refugees have been rejuvenated and continuously being rehabilitated in terms of resources and infrastructure. The study recommended the need for emergency preparedness in refugee-torn areas in line with appropriate institutional frameworks and laws that will be conducive to maximize the benefits of the refugees so that they can be more of an asset than a burden to the socioeconomic development of the local and state economy in general.
- ItemMenstrual Management Practices: Attitudes and Perceptions of Refugees in Palabek Refugee Settlement, Lamwo district.(2023-09-19) Babu, TeddieMenstruation and its management practices are still faced with several restrictions from cultural, religious, and social settings. This is not only in rural areas but also in towns among the educated. These dictate how menstruation and management should be handled. This study explores the cultural rationale for menstrual management practices, perceptions of women and men, and the attitude of men and women towards the cultural practices of refugee women in Palabek refugee settlement in Lamwo district. For this exploratory study, a qualitative research method was chosen. Zone 5A and B were chosen with 2 FGDs in each zone and 5 key informants’ interviews including local refugees, a representative from UNHCR, and OPM respectively. Overall, participants displayed knowledge of the topic by sharing their views, beliefs, experiences, and what they have heard about menstruation and its management. The common menstrual management practices are using clothes, sitting on sand or cow dung. Generally the perception of the participants was that culture bites women so hard and dictate how they should run their life. The attitude of the participants towards menstrual management practices indicated that the whole process being painful is not enough but the practices associated with menstruation are demeaning. The study recommends that partners should hold awareness meetings to help change the perception and attitude of the community on menstruation and educate on the hygienic methods of managing it. OPM and UNHCR should order all partners to have a budget to support women and girls with MHM materials. Safe space conversations should be given attention so that they identify silent issues such as this under research, training women and girls in making reusable menstrual management pads and a need for massive community and women’s awareness against the practices.
- ItemChildren’s right to protection and ability to participate in career decision making in Makindye Division, Kampala Capital City(2023-09-19) FATUMA OMARThis research sought to examine children protection laws on the promotion of the right to participation. It also sought to explore children’s understanding of their right to participation in career decision making and also to assess children’s participation in career decision making, both at school and home. This study employed a cross sectional design, utilizing mixed methods research approach. The research undertook a case study exploration of these issues directly with children in order to examine their understanding of participation and their actual participation in career decision making. Teachers, parents/guardians, civil servants and non-governmental organizations that work in line with children, were also involved to assess their role in the promotion of the right to participation. The key study findings show that Laws and policies on children protection and especially on participation are well articulated, and are in line with universal and international standards. Findings also show that Children’s understanding of the right to participation and their actual participation is high. Lastly, the study findings show that there is an increase in the promotion of children’s rights which is reflected through the increased participation in career decision making. The study recommends continuance of empowerment and awareness and that children should be supported to realize their participation rights.
- ItemREVIEW OF THE IMPLICATION OF CASH TRANSFER POLICY ON GIRLS' EDUCATION IN JUBA PAYAM, SOUTH SUDAN(2023-09-22) Jacqueline Adot KasaraABSTRACT The study reviewed the cash transfer policy to establish its implication for girls' Education in Juba Payam primary school. The study was to establish the current trends of girls' enrollment, Retention, and dropout in primary schools in Juba Payam: and to determine the contribution of the cash transfer policy to girls' enrollment, Retention, and dropout in primary schools in Juba Payam; and, to assess the effectiveness of cash transfer policy on girls' enrollment, retention, and dropout in schools in Juba Payam. The research adopted a descriptive study with a quantitative approach in which, out of fifty-five respondents, a sample of 50 was selected and questionnaires administered to them. The study concludes that in selected primary schools, the conditional cash transfer has led to improvement in girls' education, based on the four indicators of girls' education enrollment, Retention, attendance, and performance of girls in schools improved courtesy of the conditional cash transfer policy. The Policy has mainly been more effective on the welfare of girls, as the results in the current study have shown that the dependent cash transfer conditions are instrumental in ensuring the effectiveness of girls' education. However, the factors that have hindered its full effectiveness include parents' education level, household income levels, and occupation of parents or guardians. Overall, there is a strong interlinkage between the implementation of conditional cash transfer policy and girls' education, implying that the dependent cash transfer policy, since its rollout in 2013, has positively improved girls' education in areas of girls' school enrollment, and Retention, attendance, and performance. The study recommends the need for policy sensitization for parents to be increased so that the parents understand the requirements and the condition of the Policy to ensure more effectiveness. Secondly, there should be consideration of expanding the policy scope and coverages to cover boys because they are also vulnerable, just like girls. The boy children are equally experiencing similar school challenges, which the ministry needs to address by extending the funds to bits in schools. That is subject to whenever there are funds availability by DFID. Thirdly, the Policy should be reviewed to cover all girls' rights from primary 1 to universities to cover the previously left out groups to benefit from the impact of conditional cash transfer on service delivery. The current Policy covers upper primary and secondary education leaving out post-secondary and tertiary learning. The recommendation is that all girls' rights from primary 1 to senior four should be covered by the Policy.
- ItemVILLAGE HEALTH TEAMS AND HEALTH PROMOTION IN RURAL COMMUNITIES IN UGANDA: A CASE OF KATINE SUB-COUNTY SOROTI DISTRICT(2023-10-10) EYOKU PATRICKThe study on Village Health Teams and Health Promotion in Rural Communities in Uganda was stimulated by numerous challenges facing the VHTs, delays at the health centres, increasing morbidity and mortality rate due to lack of medicines and late patient arrival at the health centres, and the absence of social work’s supporting role in the health promotion at the village level. This study aimed at assessing the effectiveness of VHTs in promoting health in rural communities in Katine sub-County, Soroti District. It had four objectives namely; (i) Establishing people's perception about VHTs' role in health promotion. (ii) Assessing the waysin which VHT services have improved health practices in the community (iii) understanding the challenges faced by the VHTs in health promotion, and (iv) Exploring the supportive role of social work to the VHTs in health promotion. A purely qualitative research approach was used. An open-ended interview guide and FGDs were used to collect primary data. A total of 25 out of 29 participants participated in the study. The data were cleaned, categorized under themes and sub-themes, and analyzed using Nvivo v.11. The bio-data were analyzed using Stata v.13. The data were presented following the research objects and themes. The findings revealed that participants were aware of the roles VHTs play in health promotion. The VHTs have also significantly improved health practices. However, cultural impediments still affect health promotions. The VHTs still face myriad of challenges including; limited facilitation, limited training, and disrespect from the community. The supportive roles of social workers can help enhance the performance of VHTs even at the village level, especially considering the community needs and coordinating/collaborating with the government on addressing health-related issues. The study recommends that there should be an urgent increase in the health sector funding and subsequently, the health centres. Additionally, improved funding, medical supplies, and operational equipment like gumboots, bicycles, gloves, etc. for the VHTs. Enhancement of VHT training so that they can be more competent. Furthermore, set up a health care section at every health center specifically for senior citizens because VHTs struggle to reach them with the services they need. Finally, integration of social workers in HP even at the village level.