UCU Digital Institutional Repository(UCUDIR)
Welcome to the Uganda Christian University Digital Institutional Repositoy (UCUDIR). This is the University's official Institutional Repository. It aims to collect, preserve and showcase the intellectual output of staff and students of UCU. This growing collection of research includes peer-reviewed articles, book chapters, working papers, theses, and more.
- The Repository ingests documents, audio, video, datasets and their corresponding Dublin Core metadata
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- we also issue permanent urls and trustworthy identifiers, including optional integrations with handle.net and DataCite DOI
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Ethically Questionable Behavior and Consumerism in Uganda: A Survey of University Students
While consumerism seems to be on the rise in many societies, little attempt has been made to link consumerism to unethical behavior and its antecedents namely work ethic and perceived unfairness. The purpose of this study is to compare female and male perceptions of work ethic, unethical behavior, and consumerism, and use this as a basis to examine whether unethical behavior and its antecedents explain consumerism in an emerging market context where consumer protection is at a minimum. Based on a cross-sectional survey research design, this study uses valid measures from previous studies to collect data from a systematic sample of students from a large private university, Findings indicate that women and male students do not differ much on most of the items on the three scales. Further, the study finds a direct link between perceived unfairness, unethical behavior, and consumerism, while work ethic and consumerism are mediated by unethical behavior. Implications for government and business organizations are discussed.
Product Planning and Development on the Output of Small Scale and Medium Enterprises in Uganda Case Study Northern Division Kabale Municipality
(International Journal of Academic Pedagogical Research (IJAPR), 2022-09)
The purpose of the study was to establish Product Planning and Development on the output of small-scale and medium enterprises in the Northern division of Kabale Municipality. The research study was guided by the following research objectives; to identify the problems experienced by small and medium enterprises in planning and development of new products in a competitive and depressed economy like ours, to establish the possible solutions for effective planning and development of new products in a competitive environment and to examine the relationship between product planning and development and output of small-scale Enterprise. The study deployed both qualitative and quantitative designs. The methods used in the collection of data included Questionnaires, focused group discussions, and interviews. The findings revealed that there is a high level of relationship between product planning and development and the output levels of small and medium enterprises in the Northern Division of Kabale Municipality. Product planning and development are very important for the increase in the level of output since it helps in enhancing increased sales volume and thereby leading to more revenue. Therefore, all the owners and operators of small and medium-scale enterprises should conduct research and innovation so as to be able to come up with new products that are in line with the needs of their consumers so as to be able to retain and maintain them. This can be realized by conducting marketing research and intelligence by moving in the field to establish the needs and the changes in the preferences of the consumers.
Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs), Environmental Management and Poverty Reduction in Western Uganda
(International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS), 2019-06)
The study aimed at assessing the role of SMEs and environment management in poverty reduction in Western Uganda. The study is a descriptive and correlation study design. The data was collected by use of structured and closed-ended questionnaires. The findings revealed a strong association between (SMES and environmental management) and poverty reduction (r =.644; sig. <.05). The study found that SMEs lack access to innovative technologies, which are essential in buttressing SME roles in poverty reduction. The study revealed that very few financial resources are directly channeled to SMEs amidst ever-increasing interest rates on loans. Government policies on SMEs are deficient in terms of technical, technological, financial, and managerial infrastructures needed for effective contribution to economic growth and poverty reduction. The study further suggests that SMEs can resolve problems of poverty and unemployment if they can access cheap capital. The study, therefore, recommends that government should prioritize the SME sector in budgets to enhance its contribution to economic growth and poverty reduction.
Participatory Budgeting in Local Governments
(International Journal of Emerging Technology and Innovative Engineering, 2019-08)
The study established the contribution of participatory budgeting in the Kabale district's local government. Using a cross-sectional research design, in which both quantitative and qualitative approaches were adopted, the study investigated 117 units; which were randomly and purposively selected from 174 subjects. The study adopted self-administered questionnaires and interview guides to collect data. Frequencies and percentages were used to analyze quantitative data while direct quotes from interviews supported qualitative analysis. Quantitative analysis was supported by software for document analysis (SPSS V 20.0). The study investigated the contribution of participatory budgeting from the viewpoints of information sharing, codes of conduct, facility for citizen complaints, and stakeholders’ consultation. The study found stakeholders’ consultation as the most important contribution of participatory budgeting. However, it was undermined by the absence of clear rules and procedures that govern budget consultative meetings. Since all the constructs used in measuring the contribution of participatory budgeting in Kabale were above average, it was concluded that participatory budgeting is practiced in the Kabale district local government and is generally important. In recommendation, the Kabale district local government should spell out the rules and procedures governing participatory budgeting in a statute or guideline. Secondly, the local government should consider holding several consultative meetings with various stakeholders to ensure the priorities of the common person are catered for in the budget estimates for any financial year. Lastly, the local government should consider allocating some funds to facilitate the operations of the office in charge of citizens’ complaints.
Internal Control Systems, Working Capital Management and Financial Performance of Private Institutions in Uganda
(International Journal of Research in Engineering, IT and Social Sciences, 2020-03-03)
This research adopted a cross-sectional and descriptive design. Data was collected using a self-administered questionnaire from those operating businesses in Mbarara municipality. Data was analyzed using a multivariate analysis technique and presented descriptively using mean, standard deviation, and coefficient of variation. The study revealed that the businesses were weak at aligning their operations with set business procedures, guidelines, and national laws. The study also established that the current level of the internal control system is moderately effective. These are commendable practices, especially in small and medium enterprise businesses. The moderate relationship between internal control systems and working management confirms the likelihood that these businesses conduct regular financial audits and endeavor to maintain reliable financial records. The study recommended that there is a need for businesses to align their operations to national standards and also train their staff in internal control activities that ensure adherence to principles of accounting and financial records. Government has a role to play in protecting nationals against the consumption of goods and services that do not measure to national or international standards