UCU Digital Institutional Repository(UCUDIR)

Welcome to the Uganda Christian University Digital Institutional Repositoy (UCUDIR). This is the University's official Institutional Repository. It aims to collect, preserve and showcase the intellectual output of staff and students of UCU. This growing collection of research includes peer-reviewed articles, book chapters, working papers, theses, and more.

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Now showing 1 - 9 of 9

Recent Submissions

Appraisal Practices and Employee Performance of an Organisation: A case of Elgon Millers
(2023-11-06) Dorothy Chelangat
This study sought to assess the effect of appraisal practices and employee performance in Elgon Millers. The study objectives were to: establish effect of target setting practices on employee performance, determine effect of evaluation practices on employee performance; examine effect of communication practices on employee performance and to determine the effect of corrective action practices and employee performance. The study population was 170 employees from Elgon Millers Mbale. The study employed simple random sampling techniques in coming up with a sample size of 118 respondents. The primary data collection method used was a questionnaire. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics in SPSS version 20. Linear correlation coefficient analysis and multiple regression analysis were also used to determine the effect of the independent variables on dependent variables. The study found that target setting practices were significant in predicting the relationship with employee performance with r = 0. 903**, p value = .000 and β = -0.261 with p-value = 0.000<0.05. The regression coefficient of target setting practices was negative and significant in predicting the employee performance. Further the study found that evaluation practices had a positive and significant relationship with employee performance with r = 0. 976**, p value = .000 and β = 0.941 with a p-value = 0.000<0.05. The regression coefficient of evaluation practices was positive and significant in predicting employee performance. The study further found that communication practices had significant effect in predicting employee performance with p-values less than 0.05 with a p-value of 0.000, r = 0. 934**, and β = -0.309. The regression coefficient of communication practices was negative and significant in predicting employee performance. The study also found that corrective action practices were significant in predicting the relationship with employee performance with r = 0. 913**, p value = .000 and β = 0.640 with p-value = 0.000<0.05. The regression coefficient of corrective action practices was positive and significant in predicting the employee performance. The study recommends that that Elgon Millers should put more emphasis on target setting practices by trying as much as possible to involve the employees in the target setting process, Elgon Millers should find a way to actually incorporate their views in the final target document. The management of Elgon Millers should continue to promote Evaluation practices inform of peer evaluation reviews in order to ensure objectivity throughout the appraisal process. The study additionally recommends that the Management of Elgon Millers should also put much more emphasis on communication practices by providing an acceptable means by which the employees can raise their grievances as concerns. Also the study recommends that Elgon Millers should implement a main corrective action towards non-performance
Corporate Governance and Organisational Performance in Civil Societies in Kapchorwa Municipality: A case of Kapchorwa Civil Society Organization Alliance
(Uganda Christian University, 2023-11-03) Eunice Chebet
In Uganda, Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) play a central role on both service delivery and development of democracy while also contributing to achieving equality, justice and poverty reduction. Therefore, they need to have good corporate governance structures to efficiently play their roles in society. This research study sought to examine the effect of corporate governance on organizational performance in civil societies in Kapchorwa municipality using Kapchorwa Civil Society Alliance (KASCOA) as a case. The study sought to address three specific objectives; (1) to determine the effect of board structure on organizational performance of KACSOA in Kapchorwa district; (2) to analyze the effect of board committees on organizational performance of KACSOA; (3) to assess the effect of board competency on organizational performance of KACSOA. A cross sectional design was adopted with a sample of 86 respondents comprising of staff of KASCOA who were chosen through purposive and simple random sampling methods. Primary quantitative and qualitative data was collected from the respondents using self-administered structured questionnaires and personal interviews. Secondary data was obtained from existing related literature including annual reports from KACSOA. Results from the study indicated that all the three variables were statistically significant at 5 percent level of significance. Board committee had the highest positive and significant effect on performance of KASCOA (Beta= 0.975, P=0.000), followed by board competency (Beta= 0.968, P=0.000), and board structure had the lowest significant effect on organizational performance (Beta= 0.916, P=0.000). Drawing from the findings and conclusions, there is need for KACSOA to increase budget compliance, improve its board structure through increasing diversity especially in terms of gender, and to increase the representation of all organization’s stakeholders on the board in order to increase their satisfaction. It is further recommended that KACSOA should form more competent boards that maintain high board and committee accountability, and to monitor the human resource management. Lastly, there is need for the board to efficiently perform its roles and make regular reviews on its own performance in order to boost board competency, thus improved corporate governance and hence a better organizational performance.
Organisational Culture and Employee Performance in Institutions of Higher Learning in Eastern Region: A case of Uganda Christian University, Mbale University College
(2023-10-27) Joseph Bagandanswa Kateregga
The study investigated the influence of organizational culture on employee performance for teaching staff at Uganda Christian University, Mbale University College. It was guided by three research objectives and they included: To examine the influence of shared values on employee performance for teaching staff at Uganda Christian University, Mbale University College. To assess the influence of university mission on employee performance for teaching staff at Uganda Christian University, Mbale University College. To establish the influence of university goal on employee performance for teaching staff at Uganda Christian University, Uganda University College. Descriptive research design involving qualitative and quantitative approaches were used. A sample of 74 respondents was determined by use of the Krejcie and Morgan table approach The sample size of 74 was determined using Krejcie and Morgan (1970) from a study population of 91 respondents. Data was analysed using a mixed approach. The study found that shared values had a significant effect on employee performance for teaching staff at Uganda Christian University, Uganda University College with r squared of 7.4%. University mission, on the other hand, had a significant effect on employee performance for teaching staff at Uganda Christian University, Uganda University College with r squared of 17.8%. University goal was also found to be a significant determinant of performance, accounting for 32.2% (r square=.322) of employee performance. Based on these findings, it is recommended that the university should invest in developing and promoting shared values and university mission among its teaching staff. This could be achieved through training and communication strategies that promote these values and mission. The study also suggests that further research should be conducted to explore the potential impact of other factors such as leadership, work environment, and employee motivation on the performance of teaching staff in Uganda Christian University.
Lived Experiences of Seeking Care for Infertility Among Women at Two Selected Fertility Centers in Kampala District
(2023-09) Jude C. Onwueme
Infertility is a complex challenge and a medical condition which affects many individuals globally. It affects both males and females in diverse proportions informing a plethora of unpleasant experiences which inflicts pains. In most cultures the world over, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, women bear the burden of “involuntary childlessness”, which over 48million couples around the globe are faced with. Women living with infertility are constrained to prove their womanhood through motherhood, thus informing their quest for treatment even from a wide range of unqualified medics and unheralded sources. The quest to achieve conception through treatment, presents with physical, social, psychological, spiritual and financial challenges. This study explored the perceptions about infertility which the women seeking treatment had, their perceptions of the causes of infertility and adjoining risk factors, the challenges they face as it relates to the cost of treatment and the coping mechanisms (strategies) they employed while undergoing treatment, at two fertility centres in Kampala district. In-depth interviews were conducted with 20 women seeking treatment for infertility, selected and recruited using purposive sampling method (in which the participants were randomly picked). Data generated from the study showed that most women seeking treatment for infertility had limited knowledge about infertility and its causes. Also, the cost of treatment of infertility was a burden to most women thus adversely influencing accessibility of treatment and completion of treatment. It was also observed that women employed different mechanisms in their bid to cope with the treatment. Therefore, effective dissemination of information on infertility and its causes, would ameliorate challenges faced. Financial interventions through health insurance schemes are also needed in order to present women seeking treatment with the opportunity of achieving conception. Concerted efforts should also be made by fertility treatment providers and care givers, towards assisting women seeking treatment in coping effectively.
Influence of Public Relations on the Management of Library and Information services at Makerere University Business School Library
(2023-10-13) Akurut, Racheal
Public Relations recognises the library’s contribution to the conservation, preservation, and distribution of information for national development which allows the librarians to improve the library’s reputation so that more people will use its services. The purpose of this study was to establish the PR in the Makerere University Business School library’s management of library and information services. The study sought intended to achieve four goals: to identify PR activities at MUBS Library, to establish the contributions of PR to academic libraries, to identify the influence of “PR on the management of library and information services” and to explore the set- backs to carry out PR activities at MUBS Library. The study data were gathered from forty (40) respondents using a case study research design and a qualitative research approach, of which 12 were library personnel and 28 were students enrolled in masters and degree programs. The findings revealed that: PR activities at MUBS library are the dissemination of information, promotion of awareness and publicity, creating a good image of the library & provision of information materials. PR influence involved establishing and maintaining mutual lines of communication, publicity, advertisements, arranging and managing press conferences, exhibitions, library week, creation of communications, determining needs, priorities, goals and objectives and PR team contacting media houses. Setbacks were PR technological advancement, obsolescence of library services, diversity management issues, unskilled manpower and limited staff, high costs, poor reading culture, resistance to change and existing budget for the library. For PR and management employees to efficiently carry out their core responsibilities and promote the library’s services, it was determined that MUBS must provide them with the necessary support. Given the above, it was recommended that the PR team should always be trained to be able to conduct PR activities, MUBS management should intensify advertising, lobbying and publicity to improve communication with the public and adopt publicity tools to market library services.
Contract Management and Service Delivery in the Roads Sector in Mbale City, Uganda
(2023-10-23) Sylivia K.B Nekesa
Although the Local Government procurement regulation 120 of 2006 stipulates the need to ensure smooth implementation of the contract, the road sector in Mbale Municipality reflects poor performance and general ineffective road service delivery. The study therefore set out to establish the role of contract management in influencing service delivery in the Roads sector in Mbale City. The study was guided by three specific objectives: (1) To assess the effect of contract administration on service delivery in the roads sector in (2) to examine the effect of relationship management on service delivery in the roads sector and (3) to analyze the effect of contract monitoring on service delivery in the roads sector in Mbale City. The study adopted descriptive study design and a sample of 108 respondents who included the contract and evaluation committees, the politicians, technical Local government staff and contractor from Industrial and Northern division was determined using Krejcie and Morgan’s table. Simple random and census sampling techniques were used to select the study respondents. Questionnaires and interviews were used to collect data. Quantitative data from questionnaires was analyzed using SPSS version 20 and interpretation of data was done using descriptive and inferential statistics. Qualitative data from interviews was analyzed using thematic analysis. The findings show that for contract administration and service delivery R2 = .040 and the Sig = .015 < .05; for relationship management and service delivery R2 = .152 and the Sig = .000 < .05; and for contract monitoring, R2 = .121 and the Sig = .000 < .05. The study concluded that there was a weak significant effect of contract administration of service delivery in the road sector; a strong significant effect of relationship management on service delivery in the road sector and a strong significant effect of contract monitoring on service delivery in the road sector in Mbale city. This study recommends review of the road contract management policy where strategies of public engagement should be emphasized in the procurement and contract management process. In addition, the Ministry of Local government and Mbale City in particular should sensitize the public about their roles in the contract management process in addition to putting in place mechanisms of ensuring feedback from the public and its utilization about the performance of roads. Further research is also recommended on the role of community engagement in enhancing the performance of the road sector.
Domestic Violence and Teachers’ Performance in Uganda: Interrogating Female Teachers’ Experiences in Secondary Schools in Kitgum District
(2023-10-19) Ayot Gladys Oyat
Domestic violence can impact the survivors and the places where they work in many ways. A qualitative study interrogated domestic violence and the performance of female secondary school teachers in Kitgum District with a focus to assess how domestic violence affects the teaching roles of female teachers in secondary schools in Uganda, explore the female teachers’ perspectives on how domestic violence affects their administrative roles, describe how the female teachers affected by domestic violence cope with the challenges of domestic violence while performing duties and explore support available in school to survivors. The study was conceived within the socialist feminist philosophy and underpinned by radical feminist theory, both contained in the applied ethics dominion. Narratives of 20 female teachers and 23 headteachers experiences were collected through in-depth interviews. Findings reveals that the multiple roles of teachers, undertaken within a domestic violence environment greatly impacts service delivery of teaching and interpersonal relations resulting in poor performance in the roles of these teachers. Female teachers affected by domestic violence negotiate through the challenges using both formal and informal ways but with limited support from their places of work. The study recommends for supportive policy frameworks mainstreamed as tools for remedy, coping and resolutions to empower female teachers and headteachers on support systems for female teachers affected by domestic violence to allow them supportive work environment. This study adds international dimension to literature on domestic violence and suggests practical ways on strategies for intervention to mitigate the impact of domestic violence in schools. The study suggests for a similar study on all female employees in school settings to be carried out, and on the male teachers as well. It further suggests that longitudinal studies on female teachers be conducted to consolidate the findings on experiences of female teachers and impact of domestic violence in schools.
Capacity Building Strategies and Employee Performance in Mbale City
(Uganda Christian University, 2023-10-24) Dhoiffir Nainmdine
This study examined the effect of capacity building strategies on employee performance in Mbale City. The objectives that guided the study included: To assess the effect of performance improvement programs on employee performance; examine the effect of professional development programs on employee performance, and establish the effect of ethics trainings on employee performance in Mbale City. A cross-sectional study design, with both quantitative and qualitative approaches, was applied in this study and a sample of 64 respondents who were employees of Mbale city was utilized. With a 95.3% response rate, research findings revealed there were proper performance improvement programs in Mbale City and had an effect on employee performance, professional development programs played a significant role towards the employee performance, and ethics trainings were rarely conducted, though had an effect on employee performance. As a result, it was recommended that a performance improvement policy is established in the city as well as a performance improvement team, the city administration should consider hiring experts, especially when it comes to key components of city management, and finally, the city administration develops an Ethics and Professional standards policy to be followed by all staff – followed by annual ethics public surveys. Further research is suggested in the areas of: The role of ethics on the effectiveness of public service delivery in Uganda’s local governments, relationship between induction and training and employee adoption of organizational culture, influence of leadership on the ethical conduct of local government employees, and the effect of capacity building strategies on employee performance.
Transformational Leadership and Academic Performance of Secondary Schools in Uganda
(2023-10-18) David Sengendo
The aim of this thesis was to examine how a leadership style adopted by headteachers influences academic performance in secondary schools. Specifically, the study investigated the influence of transformational leadership attributes on academic performance in public and private secondary schools. Using a positivist research paradigm, the study employed a survey design with a quantitative research method. Data was collected from 312 private and public secondary schools in the central region of Uganda using a MLQ questionnaire. Data analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics with the aid of the SPSS software. Multiple linear regression was conducted to examine how transformational leadership traits influence UCE and UACE academic performance in secondary schools. The findings of the study demonstrated that transformational leadership attributes of headteachers significantly influence academic performance of schools both at UCE and UACE Level. Idealized influence and behavior significantly influenced academic performance at UCE (β=0.191, P=0.019) while at UACE, Idealized influence and behavior (β=0.124, P=0.016) influenced school academic performance in public secondary schools. In Private schools performance at UCE was influenced by Idealized influence and behavior (β=-0.140, P=0.024) and Inspirational motivation (β=0.154, P=0.025) while UACE, performance was influenced by both Idealized influence and behavior (β=-0.144, P=0.010) and Intellectual stimulation (β=0.129, P=0.022). Therefore, headteachers’ transformational leadership attributes play a crucial role in determining academic performance in secondary schools at UCE and UACE whether private or public secondary schools. The study recommends that head teachers embrace and adopt transformational leadership attributes to enhance academic performance in schools.