UCU Digital Institutional Repository(UCUDIR)

Welcome to the Uganda Christian University Digital Institutional Repositoy (UCUDIR). This is the University's official Institutional Repository. It aims to collect, preserve and showcase the intellectual output of staff and students of UCU. This growing collection of research includes peer-reviewed articles, book chapters, working papers, theses, and more.

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Now showing 1 - 8 of 8

Recent Submissions

Motivation and Teachers’ Performance in Private Secondary Schools in Cenral Buganda: A Case of Kinaawa High School – Kawempe, Wakiso District
(Uganda Christian University, 2024-06-14) Muhamad Ali Serugo
The study aimed at finding out the effect of motivation and the performance of teachers in private secondary schools in central Uganda. It was specifically conducted at Kinaawa High School, Kawempe Campus, Nansana Municipality, Wakiso district. The study objectives included; to find out the effect of intrinsic motivators on teachers’ performance in Kinaawa High School, to find out the effect of extrinsic motivators on teachers’ performance in Kinaawa High school, and to ascertain the challenges Kinaawa High School faces in motivating teachers to perform better in the school assignments. The study employed a case study research design, where qualitative approach was used. The sample comprised of school director, head-teacher, deputy head-teachers, director of studies, teachers, non-teaching staff, and PTA members, totaling to 52 in number. These were purposively selected. Data was collected using interviews and focus group discussions. Data was analyzed using thematic analysis to provide qualitative data. The key findings revealed that recognition of teachers raises satisfaction and motivate them to devote more of their time to work, intrinsic rewards encourages teachers’ creativity and innovation, teamwork encourages ability to use improvised learning materials, and collaboration of teachers raises their engagement in preparing and assessing students’ academic work. The study also revealed that performance appraisal encourages teachers to have timely preparation, job rotation enhances, equips teachers with more teaching skills, overtime allowances encourages teachers to devote more time to teaching-learning process, public praise motivates teachers to get satisfied at work, and reward at the end of their hard work makes teachers to maintain focus and put in their best efforts. The study finally revealed that financial resource, weak school administration, stakeholders’ inadequate collaboration, lack of autonomy and limited teamwork are the major challenges Kinaawa High School faces in motivating teachers to perform better in the school assignments. Basing on the above findings, it is concluded that motivation has an effect on the performance of teachers in private secondary schools in central Uganda. The study recommended that the school administrators should streamline the motivation strategy and ensure that problems related to motivation of teachers are dealt with speedily and effectively; and areas of further research were suggested.
Examining the Financial Management Practices Behind Academic Performance in Chosen Public Primary Schools Within Cueibet County, Gok State, South Sudan
(Uganda Christian University, 2024-06-12) Job Reec Sabit
This study investigates the relationship between financial management practices and academic performance in selected public primary schools within Cueibet County, Gok State South Sudan. Through a comprehensive survey of 156 respondents, representing a 100% response rate, the research examines the impact of financial planning, coordination, and control practices on academic outcomes. The demographic composition of the sample, including gender, education levels, and tenure, is analyzed. Using a Likert scale, the study measures academic performance based on indicators such as passing rates, national examination grades, completion rates, and alignment with national human resource development. Key challenges in academic performance emerge, including poor grades and low completion rates. Analyzing three financial management dimensions planning, coordination, and control through regression techniques, the study finds that financial planning practices significantly influence academic performance, while coordination and control practices exhibit lesser impact. The research highlights disconnects between financial planning and academic goals, misallocation of resources due to poor coordination, and insufficient monitoring and auditing of spending practices. The study underscores the importance of strategic financial planning aligned with academic objectives, efficient resource coordination, and robust financial controls to enhance the academic environment. The findings have implications for administrators, policymakers, and stakeholders aiming to enhance academic outcomes through effective financial management. Further research is recommended to explore additional factors influencing academic performance in this context.
The Role of Anti-money Laundering Preventive Strategies in Enhancing the Fight Against Money Laundering: A Case of Selected Financial Institutions in the Central Business District of Kampala
(Uganda Christian University, 2024-06-12) Evelyn Zawedde
The study aimed at establishing the role of anti-money laundering preventive strategies in enhancing the fight against money laundering. The objectives of the study were, to investigate how client due diligence affects money laundering in selected financial institutions in Uganda; to analyze how legislation influences money laundering in selected financial institutions in Uganda, and to identify the preventive measures of combating money laundering in financial institutions in Uganda. The case study research design and a qualitative approach was adopted for the current study. Unstructured interviews, document reviews and open-ended questionnaires were used for data collection, and a sample size of 32 respondents from selected financial institutions in Uganda was involved in the study. The current study revealed that for any company or financial institution to successfully prevent money laundering, appropriate due diligence processes must be put in place. The study further revealed that the legal foundation for combating and avoiding financial crimes is provided by legislation, which is the fundamental component of anti-money laundering initiatives. AML laws that are effective build an extensive structure that includes rules, obligations, and enforcement techniques, ultimately resulting in a more transparent and secure financial system. Finally, the study revealed that Organisations must take proactive steps to prevent money laundering if they want to avoid unintentionally getting involved in unlawful financial activity. These steps lessen the possibility of legal trouble and reputational harm while ensuring that one complies with anti-money laundering (also known as AML) laws and rules. The study concludes that customer due diligence aids organizations in better understanding their clients, evaluating risks, and spotting irregularities. States, insurance companies, and businesses can combat money laundering and safeguard the integrity of the financial system by putting these preventive measures into place and continuously improving them, which will ultimately lead to a safer and more open global economy. The study further concludes that, legislation is a key component of the global campaign to stop money laundering. It establishes the legal framework, requires the required compliance procedures, and imposes fines. Similarly, regarding the third objective of the study, the current study concludes that to keep the financial system's integrity and stop criminal organisations from profiting from their unlawful activities, financial institutions, companies, and governments must cooperate. The study recommends that financial institution should embrace Customer Due D because it is more than just a matter of complying with regulations. It is a vital instrument for preventing financial crime, preserving reputation, and preserving customer trust while allowing institutions to maneuver the intricate web of international finance and rules. The current study further recommends that government create laws that make use of technology to stop and identify money laundering. Use data analytics and AI-driven algorithms to find patterns and anomalies in massive datasets. Finally, the current study recommends that given that money laundering is a worldwide problem that cuts beyond national boundaries, international collaboration should be embraced by financial institutions.
A Framework for the Adoption of Intelligent Farm Advisory Systems for the Coffee Sector: A Case of Western Uganda
(Uganda Christian University, 2024-05) Benson Mworozi Byaruhanga
Coffee farming is a critical sector in Uganda, supporting livelihoods and contributing to the economy. However, coffee farmers face numerous challenges, including weather uncertainties, market fluctuations, and pest outbreaks. Intelligent Farm Advisory Systems (IFAS) technology offers a potential solution to address these challenges and improve farming practices. Therefore, this study aimed to explore coffee farmers' perceptions and attitudes towards IFAS technology adoption in Western Uganda. Using questionnaires, data were collected from 384 coffee farmers in Western Uganda. The data collection method involved administering structured questionnaires to participants, focusing on variables related to perceived usefulness, relevance, trust, environmental sustainability, ease of use, training access, and interface usability, attitude towards use, behavioral intention, and actual usage of IFAS technology. The findings revealed that coffee farmers perceive IFAS technology as beneficial in enhancing task efficiency, mitigating risks, addressing market challenges, improving productivity, and supporting sustainable farming practices. Despite positive perceptions and intentions towards IFAS adoption, actual usage remains limited, indicating barriers to adoption and implementation. The study highlights the importance of addressing contextual factors, technological infrastructure, ethical considerations, and environmental implications in promoting IFAS technology adoption and sustainability in coffee farming communities. Stakeholders, policymakers, and researchers are encouraged to collaborate in developing tailored interventions, capacity-building initiatives, and policy frameworks to facilitate the effective adoption, utilization, and integration of IFAS technology into coffee farming practices. Overall, the study underscores the potential of IFAS technology to transform agricultural systems, improve food security, and contribute to sustainable development goals in Uganda and beyond.
School Improvement Plan and Students’ Academic Achievement in Secondary Schools in Amuria District: A Case Study of Amuria Secondary School
(Uganda Christian University, 2024-06-10) George Francis Isele
The title of my study was School Improvement Plan and Students’ Academic Achievement in Secondary Schools in Amuria District: A Case Study of Amuria Secondary School. The purpose of this study was to establish how School Improvement Plan impacts on students’ academic achievement in Amuria secondary school and the objectives were to assess the influence of the school improvement plan on students’ academic achievement in Amuria secondary school, to examine the influence of the school improvement plan on a conducive learning environment in Amuria secondary school and to establish the influence of school improvement plan on students’ regular school attendance in Amuria secondary school. A total of 32 respondents were used in this study and these were purposively sampled. These included the head teacher, PTA executive members, BOG, DOS and teachers. Interview guide and document analysis were used as data collection instruments. The researcher used a case study as a study design. Basing on the findings of the study, it was revealed that SIP improves the quality of teaching and learning. Findings of the study also revealed that SIP has made the school administration to identify their strength and weaknesses which has helped them to improve in areas where they are not doing well to ensure that teaching learning exercises take place perfectly well. Research findings also indicated that SIP has helped the school to improve on students’ academic achievement by involving all other school stakeholders in formulating and implementing school improvement plan and coming up with different ideas on achieving higher performance. It was also revealed that the introduction of SIP has led to proper management and utilization of school resources and that there is now effective communication between school administrators and parents about their children. Basing on research findings, it was concluded that students’ academic achievement in Amuria secondary school has improved as compared to before the introduction of SIP. School improvement plan has contributed to the overall school performance and the current state of students’ academic achievement in this school is good. It was therefore recommended that the government together with school administrators should find all ways possible to ensure that SIP is enhanced since it is influential as far as students’ academic achievement is concerned.
Teacher Collaboration and Teacher Effectiveness in Government-Aided Secondary Schools in Iganga District, Uganda
(Uganda Christian University, 2024-06-10) Moses Semwanga
Over the years, the Government of Uganda has invested in various interventions to enhance teacher effectiveness in public secondary schools. Despite this, teacher effectiveness in many government- aided secondary schools across the country, especially in Iganga District, remains unsatisfactory. The study examined teacher collaboration's influence on teacher effectiveness in Government- aided secondary schools in Iganga District, Uganda. The objectives included establishing the influence of frequency of collaboration on teacher effectiveness, determining the influence of format of collaboration on teacher effectiveness, and assessing the influence of focus of collaboration on teacher effectiveness. Quantitative data was collected from school teachers using questionnaires, while qualitative data was collected from school administrators and vital educational stakeholders in the district using interview guides and analyzed inferentially and thematically, respectively. It was found that frequency of collaboration was significantly associated with teacher effectiveness (r = 0.406; ρ ˂ 0.05); format of collaboration was significantly associated with teacher effectiveness (r = 0.335; ρ ˂ 0.05); and focus of collaboration was significantly associated with teacher effectiveness (r = 0.19; ρ ˂ 0.05). The study concluded that teacher collaboration is influential in teacher effectiveness in government-aided secondary schools in Iganga District. To improve teacher effectiveness in government-aided secondary schools in Iganga District, the study recommends that the Ministry of Education and School Administrators in the district put in place supportive mechanisms that encourage an increase in teacher collaboration.
Headteacher’s Role in Attainment of Quality Inclusive Education in Selected Secondary Schools in Iganga District, Uganda
(Uganda Christian University, 2024-06-07) Lastone Balyaino
The study investigated the influence of head teachers‟ mandate in realization of inclusive quality education in selected secondary schools in Iganga district- Uganda. The study was guided by the following objectives i) to determine the influence of head teacher‟s planning role on the quality of inclusive education, ii) to establish the influence of head teachers‟ support role on the quality of inclusive education and iii) to find out the influence of head teachers‟ motivation role on the quality of inclusive education. The study was inclined on the systems theory propounded by Ludwing and George in 1940 and a cross-sectional descriptive research design was adopted, drawing on quantitative as well as qualitative research approaches with a sample size of 83 (including 73 teachers, 5 deputy head teachers, and 5 head teachers) respondents. The questionnaire reliability α = 0.831 was obtained after subjecting the instrument to 5 independent respondents in a week interval period while content validity index of 88.9 was obtained for 3 professional raters. Simple Random Sampling and Census Inquiry techniques were adopted for the study. Questionnaires and the interview guides were adopted for data collection. Quantitate data was analysed Pearson correlation and regression analyses while qualitative data was analysed using the verbatim method. The findings revealed; a positive, significant influence of the head teacher‟s planning role on the quality of inclusive education (r= 0.534, p > 0.05), a positive moderate influence of head teacher‟s support role on the quality of inclusive education (r= 0.514, p < 0.05) and strong positive influence of head teacher‟s motivation role on the quality of inclusive education (r= 0.621, p < 0.05). Furthermore, the study recommended that in future, similar studies be extended to primary schools and headteachers to be sensitized about quality education.
Adoption of Block Chain Technology to Enhance Patient Records Management- a Case of Mulago National Referral Hospital
(Uganda Christian University, 2024-03-09) Ronald Sseggujja
Block chain technology holds immense potential for transforming patient records management in healthcare settings. However, its adoption faces numerous challenges, particularly in resource-constrained environments such as Mulago National Referral Hospital. In this study, we aimed to investigate the factors influencing the adoption of block chain technology to enhance patient records management at Mulago Hospital. Using a quantitative methods approach, data was collected from healthcare professionals at Mulago Hospital through a structured questionnaire survey. Participants were selected based on their involvement in patient record management processes. Data collection involved administering the questionnaire to key stakeholders. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The findings reveal several key insights into the factors affecting the adoption of block chain technology at Mulago Hospital. Organizational support, regulatory compliance, and training programs emerged as critical determinants of perceived usefulness and ease of use of block chain technology. The study also identified concerns regarding data security and interoperability as significant barriers to adoption. Despite these challenges, there is a consensus among healthcare professionals about the potential benefits of block chain technology in improving patient record management practices. The implications of these findings underscore the importance of addressing organizational and technical challenges to facilitate the successful adoption of block chain technology in healthcare settings. By providing insights into the perceptions and attitudes of healthcare professionals, this study contributes to the growing body of literature on technology adoption in healthcare. Ultimately, the successful implementation of block chain technology at Mulago Hospital could serve as a model for similar healthcare facilities facing similar challenges worldwide.
Level and Factors Associated with Birth Preparedness and Emergency Planning among Prenatal Women of Bugiri Hospital
(Uganda Christian University, 2024-05-31) Beatrice Namumbya
Introduction; Birth preparedness refers to the readiness of pregnant women to give birth safely. It involves a series of actions and plans to ensure both the mother and baby receive proper care and support before and during childbirth. This study therefore sought to determine the level and factors of birth preparedness and emergency planning in the pre-natal women of Bugiri Hospital. Specifically, the study intended to find out the socio-demographic, obstetrics, and gynecology factors and intervening factors that affect the level of birth preparedness. Methods; The study employed a purely quantitative study design to collect primary data from the 288 selected respondents targeting prenatal women in Bugiri Hospital. Analysis was done at three distinct levels using SPSS software. These included univariate (frequencies and percentages), bivariate (chi-square tests), and multivariate (binary logistic regression). Significant factors were identified through chi-square tests and logistic regression analysis. Results; A significant association was observed between education level and birth preparedness (Odds Ratio = 2.597, p = 0.004). Higher education increased the likelihood of optimal birth preparedness among participants. Women with a history of stillbirths exhibited a substantial association with childbirth preparedness (Odds Ratio = 4.771, p = 0.039). The experience of stillbirth heightened the sense of need for preparedness to prevent future complications. Male partner involvement demonstrated a robust association with birth preparedness (Odds Ratio = 1.904, p = 0.004). Active engagement of male partners was transformative, positively influencing overall childbirth experiences. Conclusion; The study concluded that birth preparedness is not solely the responsibility of pregnant women but also the healthcare system, healthcare providers, and the community. It was recommended that the inclusion of childbirth plans in ANC packages is vital alongside other interventions like educational programs, community outreach, and improved access to antenatal care services.
Church Growth and Development Analysis of Why Pentecostal Assemblies of God Churches in Uganda Have Stagnated in Growth and Development
(Uganda Christian University, 2024-06-04) Judith Amodoi
The study analyzed why Pentecostal Assemblies of God Churches in Uganda have stagnated in growth and development. The specific objectives of the study were to assess how; evangelism programs; assimilation of new converts; discipleship programs; and professional training of church leaders contribute to the growth and development of Pentecostal Assemblies of God Churches in Uganda. The study adopted a mixed research design that used both qualitative and quantitative research approaches. The target population for this study was 204 participants from whom a sample size of 176 respondents were selected using the Krejcie and Morgan (1970) sample size determination tables. Data was collected using a survey questionnaire and an interview guide. The major finding from this study show that “evangelism programs, assimilation of new converts in the church, and professional training of church leaders are the major factors responsible for stagnation in the church growth and development of Pentecostal Assemblies of God Churches in Uganda. On the contrary discipleship significantly contributes to church growth and development of Pentecostal Assemblies of God Churches in Uganda. Evangelism programs do not contribute to PAG church growth and development in that; PAG does not effectively conduct evangelism programs in its churches (68%); PAG evangelism approaches are not widely adopted as policy only a few individual churches use those approaches (50%); The PAG evangelism approach is not well known to all. Some churches conduct crusades as individual church initiatives but not as a universal approach (64%); There is a knowledge gap in the awareness of use of door to door as an evangelism approach (53%); PAG does not have a well-known evangelism program and calendar being followed while conducting evangelism as a ministry (61%); PAG church members are not trained in evangelism. Trainings are organized by individual churches and not as an overall policy for all PAG churches (58%); PAG does not have a specific budget for evangelism programs; There is no clear follow up system for evangelism in PAG churches (51%); There is no full-fledged evangelism department in PAG church (77%); Assimilation of new converts in the church does not contribute to PAG church growth and development because; PAG does not have a follow up mechanism for her new converts (81%); PAG does not conduct regular baptism services for her new members (54%); Mature new members are not assigned responsibility in the church because PAG follows certain criteria to assign duty to someone in the church not basing on maturity in age (59%); PAG does not have a fully-fledged department responsible for follow up of new converts in their churches (77%). There is no discipleship curriculum and planned classes in PAG churches (72%); There is no budget for the discipleship program in PAG churches (65%). Church leader’s training is not a requirement for ministry appointment (77%). Meaning for one to do ministry in PAG does not require training before being assigned a position; Church leaders training does not assist in removing unproductive patterns of behavior in PAG church (74%); Leaders in PAG churches face challenges of handling congregations because they are not equipped with leadership skills (52%); Trained Church leaders do not prepare others for effective ministry of church growth and development (55%); Professionally trained church leaders do not fulfil formal and informal leadership roles in the church (55%);