Browsing Master of Public Administration and Management by Issue Date
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- ItemManagement of refugees and socio-economic development in Kigoma region northwestern Tanzania(2023-09-11) Veronica Samuel NdombaThe study examines the impact of the presence of refugees on the socioeconomic development in the host communities in Kigoma region, Northwestern Tanzania. The study was motivated by the increased visible conflicts between the host population and refugees in Kigoma region regarding whether they are an asset or burden to the socioeconomic sphere of the state. Consequently, the study was conducted in Kasulu district that hosts the largest refugee camp in the region; hence its population bearing the testimonies of the effects of hosting refugees for a long period in their communities. Specifically, the study sought to examine the effect of the refugees’ influx on social service delivery to the host communities; analyze the economic benefits and losses because of the refugee settlements or camps in host communities; and assess the role of Government and International Organizations/Non-Governmental Organizations intervention in mitigating the effects of refugees in host communities. The cross-sectional research design was observed alongside the mixed methods approach that was applied on a sample of 132 respondents. The study findings draw a conclusion that the local people have benefited by the provision of social services because of the coming of the refugees; the social services sector is the sector which has benefited more from the presence of refugees. The sector, especially the condition of health facilities and the level of services improved with the arrival of the refugees. The health sector received substantial investment which contributed to the construction of several hospitals and clinics that were easily accessible in terms of distance and time by the residents in the community. Moreover, the social economic benefits or losses due to the arrival of refugees in the host communities were mixed. Refugee-related insecurity led locals to evacuate their homes and confiscated valuable property from local communities. On the other hand, the presence of refugees increased marketing and business prospects, as well as financial output. While refugees also supplied inexpensive labor, refugee activities gave locals job chances. The Government of Tanzania and its international relief counterparts have been on the frontline in ensuring the societies affected by the influx of refugees have been rejuvenated and continuously being rehabilitated in terms of resources and infrastructure. The study recommended the need for emergency preparedness in refugee-torn areas in line with appropriate institutional frameworks and laws that will be conducive to maximize the benefits of the refugees so that they can be more of an asset than a burden to the socioeconomic development of the local and state economy in general.
- ItemREVIEW OF THE IMPLICATION OF CASH TRANSFER POLICY ON GIRLS' EDUCATION IN JUBA PAYAM, SOUTH SUDAN(2023-09-22) Jacqueline Adot KasaraABSTRACT The study reviewed the cash transfer policy to establish its implication for girls' Education in Juba Payam primary school. The study was to establish the current trends of girls' enrollment, Retention, and dropout in primary schools in Juba Payam: and to determine the contribution of the cash transfer policy to girls' enrollment, Retention, and dropout in primary schools in Juba Payam; and, to assess the effectiveness of cash transfer policy on girls' enrollment, retention, and dropout in schools in Juba Payam. The research adopted a descriptive study with a quantitative approach in which, out of fifty-five respondents, a sample of 50 was selected and questionnaires administered to them. The study concludes that in selected primary schools, the conditional cash transfer has led to improvement in girls' education, based on the four indicators of girls' education enrollment, Retention, attendance, and performance of girls in schools improved courtesy of the conditional cash transfer policy. The Policy has mainly been more effective on the welfare of girls, as the results in the current study have shown that the dependent cash transfer conditions are instrumental in ensuring the effectiveness of girls' education. However, the factors that have hindered its full effectiveness include parents' education level, household income levels, and occupation of parents or guardians. Overall, there is a strong interlinkage between the implementation of conditional cash transfer policy and girls' education, implying that the dependent cash transfer policy, since its rollout in 2013, has positively improved girls' education in areas of girls' school enrollment, and Retention, attendance, and performance. The study recommends the need for policy sensitization for parents to be increased so that the parents understand the requirements and the condition of the Policy to ensure more effectiveness. Secondly, there should be consideration of expanding the policy scope and coverages to cover boys because they are also vulnerable, just like girls. The boy children are equally experiencing similar school challenges, which the ministry needs to address by extending the funds to bits in schools. That is subject to whenever there are funds availability by DFID. Thirdly, the Policy should be reviewed to cover all girls' rights from primary 1 to universities to cover the previously left out groups to benefit from the impact of conditional cash transfer on service delivery. The current Policy covers upper primary and secondary education leaving out post-secondary and tertiary learning. The recommendation is that all girls' rights from primary 1 to senior four should be covered by the Policy.