Faculty of Social Sciences

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Now showing 1 - 5 of 12
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    Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs), Environmental Management and Poverty Reduction in Western Uganda
    (International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS), 2019-06) Eton, Marus; Ayiga, Natal; Agaba, Moses; Mwosi, Fabian; Ogwel, Benard Patrick
    The study aimed at assessing the role of SMEs and environment management in poverty reduction in Western Uganda. The study is a descriptive and correlation study design. The data was collected by use of structured and closed-ended questionnaires. The findings revealed a strong association between (SMES and environmental management) and poverty reduction (r =.644; sig. <.05). The study found that SMEs lack access to innovative technologies, which are essential in buttressing SME roles in poverty reduction. The study revealed that very few financial resources are directly channeled to SMEs amidst ever-increasing interest rates on loans. Government policies on SMEs are deficient in terms of technical, technological, financial, and managerial infrastructures needed for effective contribution to economic growth and poverty reduction. The study further suggests that SMEs can resolve problems of poverty and unemployment if they can access cheap capital. The study, therefore, recommends that government should prioritize the SME sector in budgets to enhance its contribution to economic growth and poverty reduction.
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    Participatory Budgeting in Local Governments
    (International Journal of Emerging Technology and Innovative Engineering, 2019-08) Eton, Marus; Arinaitwe, Perpetua; Mwosi, Fabian; Ogwel, Bernard Patrick; Sunday, Arthur; Turyamushanga, Labson
    The study established the contribution of participatory budgeting in the Kabale district's local government. Using a cross-sectional research design, in which both quantitative and qualitative approaches were adopted, the study investigated 117 units; which were randomly and purposively selected from 174 subjects. The study adopted self-administered questionnaires and interview guides to collect data. Frequencies and percentages were used to analyze quantitative data while direct quotes from interviews supported qualitative analysis. Quantitative analysis was supported by software for document analysis (SPSS V 20.0). The study investigated the contribution of participatory budgeting from the viewpoints of information sharing, codes of conduct, facility for citizen complaints, and stakeholders’ consultation. The study found stakeholders’ consultation as the most important contribution of participatory budgeting. However, it was undermined by the absence of clear rules and procedures that govern budget consultative meetings. Since all the constructs used in measuring the contribution of participatory budgeting in Kabale were above average, it was concluded that participatory budgeting is practiced in the Kabale district local government and is generally important. In recommendation, the Kabale district local government should spell out the rules and procedures governing participatory budgeting in a statute or guideline. Secondly, the local government should consider holding several consultative meetings with various stakeholders to ensure the priorities of the common person are catered for in the budget estimates for any financial year. Lastly, the local government should consider allocating some funds to facilitate the operations of the office in charge of citizens’ complaints.
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    Internal Control Systems, Working Capital Management and Financial Performance of Private Institutions in Uganda
    (International Journal of Research in Engineering, IT and Social Sciences, 2020-03-03) Eton, Marus; Mwosi, Fabian; Kaaya, Siraji; Ogwel, Patrick Bernard; Ahabwe, Edward
    This research adopted a cross-sectional and descriptive design. Data was collected using a self-administered questionnaire from those operating businesses in Mbarara municipality. Data was analyzed using a multivariate analysis technique and presented descriptively using mean, standard deviation, and coefficient of variation. The study revealed that the businesses were weak at aligning their operations with set business procedures, guidelines, and national laws. The study also established that the current level of the internal control system is moderately effective. These are commendable practices, especially in small and medium enterprise businesses. The moderate relationship between internal control systems and working management confirms the likelihood that these businesses conduct regular financial audits and endeavor to maintain reliable financial records. The study recommended that there is a need for businesses to align their operations to national standards and also train their staff in internal control activities that ensure adherence to principles of accounting and financial records. Government has a role to play in protecting nationals against the consumption of goods and services that do not measure to national or international standards
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    Information and Communication Technology Adoption and the Growth of Small Medium Enterprises in Uganda
    (International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 2019-12-16) Eton, Marus; Okello-Obura, Constant; Mwosi, Fabian; Ogwel, Bernard Patrick; Ejang, Mary; Ongia, Francis
    The study used a cross-sectional study design and data were collected from business owners operating within the divisions of Kampala Capital City Authority. The study found that the level of ICT adoption in Kampala Capital City Authority was moderate. ICT adoption was mostly marked by the establishment of separate IT departments, and the use of bulk SMS, printers, scanners, and photocopiers. Specialized ICT skills, regular updates, and outsourcing of ICT functions appeared to be key challenges businesses face in ICT adoption. The findings, however, indicated that the growth of SMEs is a conglomeration, of which the adoption of ICT is a microcosm. The study recommends that the Government of Uganda through the Ministry of Science Technology and Innovation and Ministry of Finance Planning and Economic Development should consider promoting ICT business growth by sponsoring business software development and distributing the same at subsidized costs. Training institutions should strengthen the ICT training programs by aligning them to the required job demands as dictated in the field of business. Government should also promote the application and adoption of ICT e-business by slashing the exorbitant taxes charged on the use of these products. Government should stimulate entrepreneurship development training to curb the shortfalls in staff competence, individual job creation, and profitability skills.
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    Group Processes
    (The Academic Journal of St Clements Education Group, 2018-10) Oyat, Christopher; Maghanga, Mshilla; Mwosi, Fabian
    Rendering much consideration to group tasks and problems without appropriate attention to processes may lessen or even destroy the value of the best workgroup ever known. The failure of accounting officers to handle workgroup dynamics is the source of employee resentment, student strikes, community repulsion, redeployment, and transfer of some staff to and from these institutions, which were reported in the institutions investigated. The study examined processes affecting workgroups in selected public post-primary education institutions in Nebbi District, Uganda. The study employed a cross-sectional research design, in which both quantitative and qualitative approaches were used to collect and analyze data on respondents’ feelings, attitudes, and perceptions about workgroups. Purposive and simple random sampling techniques were used to select 215 participants from a target population of 486 employees. Data were collected using questionnaires and analyzed using percentages, frequencies, and statistical means. Software for data analysis (SPSS 15.0) was used to establish which processes affect workgroups. The findings indicate that leadership (mean = 4.15) is by far the most influential group process in determining effective workgroups over communication (mean = 3.68) and decision-making (mean = 3.15). The study concluded that leadership in effective organizations ensures tasks are performed morally, set goals are attained, workers’ commitment is maintained, and communication with workers is direct. The study recommended to heads of the institution adopt a leadership style that matches personality to the right set of responsibilities. In addition, heads of institutions should provide a management function that maximizes the potential benefits of each personality while maximizing areas where these personalities might conflict.