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- ItemAntecedents of environmentally friendly manufacturing practices among SMEs in Africa: evidence from Uganda(Springer International Publishing, 2016-05) Ayebale, Dan; Nanfuka, Esther; Ayebale, Ahurra HopeEnvironmental management is increasingly becoming an important topic of discussion in the business world today. Stakeholders as well as policymakers are demanding more accountability from companies in relation to their effects on the environment. In fact, putting the environment at the heart of a company’s marketing drive has become a popular strategy as companies search for ways to achieve competitive advantages in the currently dynamic business landscape. This paper addresses these issues in a rarely studied context. Specifically, it documents empirical evidence on the nature of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) adopting environmentally friendly manufacturing practices in a developing-country context where firms have a weak resource base and operate in a poor regulatory regime. By focusing on SMEs as opposed to the conventional focus on large corporations, and using a developing-country context, this paper attempts to contribute to extant literature by uncovering additional facets of the current topic with potential significant implications for business practice and public policy.
- ItemThe Art of Oratory in Jurisprudence(Jescho Publishing House, 2022) Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherLawyers often speak before adjudicators, city councils, planning commissions, and give talks to civic groups, business executives, or company employees. They even give media interviews on behalf of clients. For certain individuals, it falls into place without any issues. It’s a piece of their characters. In any case, for the individuals who aren’t sure or have stage dread can generally work on speaking and oratory skills. It’s progressively essential to be a viable open speaker if you mean to be a litigator. Judges and juries will anticipate it. Restricting insight will be prepared to jump if you need certainty or on the off chance that you continually slip up when making your contentions in court. It is a highstress condition and you should be agreeable introducing your case as well as having the option to think and react quickly when being tested by your appointed authority. For attorneys, this is significantly increasingly significant. Individuals believe that since you’re a legal counsellor, you’re consequently a dauntless and splendid open speaker. We legal advisors all realize this isn’t in every case valid. This desire, however, is one motivation behind why it’s progressively significant for legal advisors to have great talking abilities than it is for some other experts. As a legal advisor, it’s important that you realize how to convince an adjudicator or council, or address a gathering of professionals, investors, or meeting members.
- ItemBuilding a Great Future: The Legacy of Bishop Tucker Theological College(Uganda Christian University Publications, 2013) Uganda Christian University; Banja, Olivia Nassaka Christopher ByaruhangaAs Bishop Tucker School of Divinity and Theology/Uganda Christian University celebrate her centenary, we look back and thank God who in his Grace began a church leaders’ school on Namirembe hill in 1903 that later moved to Mukono hill in 1913. The vision of Bishop Alfred Robert Tucker to equip native leadership of the church is the blessing of God which we continue to celebrate to this date. This vision was further facilitated by the generosity of Buganda kingdom leaders such Ham Mukasa who gave land to the college which is a valuable resource and sign of God’s providence that we continue to celebrate. Bishop Tucker Theological College’s (BTTC) motto was ‘called to serve and with that motto the college gave birth to Uganda Christian University in 1997. The theological school in this university is now called Bishop Tucker School of Divinity And Theology. The school continues to grow and the legacy of BTTC still lives on. God is doing great things through the school with mission to train men and women for biblically grounded pastoral and academic ministry, train them in godly living, equip them to preach, evangelize teach, care for, and pastor God ‘s people in knowledge and love of God throughout the world. The vision at the heart of the school is to prepare faithful leaders who are called to serve God in both church ministry and public life. With this mission and vision the school continues to Influence all the university faculties with foundations of faith and ethics rooted in the bible. By serving in other faculties in the university we see leadership in all spheres of life being touched and influenced by God to serve faithfully with the understanding that he is the Alpha and Omega. Thus building leadership that is rooted in the knowledge of Jesus Christ with the awareness that it is God who called them to serve, faithfully in the church and society. In this way the legacy of BTTC still continues The spirit of God who moved the early Baganda leaders to invite missionaries to come and teach the faith of the living lord Jesus Christ as the light to shine in the darkens of Uganda has continued to shine and influence leadership of the church and nations in the world through BTSDT. This is the growth of the inspiration of God through Bishop Alfred Tucker, Ham Mukasa and many other servants of God. The articles in this book tell the story of the wonders of God on Mukono hill, the legacy of BTTC in Uganda and the world at large.
- ItemCamera, commerce & Conscience: Afrowood and the crisis of purpose.(Greenminds Publishers., 2019) Ojebode, Ayobami; Adegbola, Tunde; Mekonnen, Alemayehu Debebe; Maractho, Emilly ComfortEvery re-interpretation of a work of art is an enrichment of the culture that inspired that work in the first place. The artist of the reinterpretation is truly blessed not only by the initial artist but by the community and the culture called upon to see itself in another light, a new might. It is in this way that Tunde Kelani is blessed and a blessing to Yoruba culture and the Nigerian community. TK's films, unlike other films of Nollywood notoriety, are quintessential victories of the communal art form involving the writer, the film script writer, the actors male and female, the camera men, the grip holder, the make-up artists, the costume makers, the musicians, the post-production crew of editors and voice over contributors, all under the supreme director-creator TK. Any wonder then that the films of Tunde Kelani are such delights to the eyes and the ears of his audience.
- ItemCannabis and Associated Medicinal Herbs in Uganda(Jescho Publishing House, 2022) Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherCannabis is a drug plant. People use the dried leaves, seed oil, and other parts of the cannabis plant for recreational and medicinal purposes. It can have a pleasurable effect and may soothe the symptoms of various conditions, such as chronic pain. It is prudent to say that the first written record of the plant consumption and growing is in South Africa. Jan van Riebeeck, who ordered officers of the Voorman to purchase "daccha" in Natal for trade with the Khoikhoi. The Dutch East India Company attempted to establish a monopoly on its sale, and to that end prohibited cultivation of the plant by Cape settlers from 1680. However, the ready availability of cannabis in the wild and through trade with indigenous peoples meant that there was little profit to be made. Consequently, the prohibition was lifted in 1700. Beginning in 1860, the Natal Colony began to import Indian workers (called "coolies" at the time) to supplement their labour force. These Indians brought with them the habit of consuming cannabis and hashish, which blended with local, extant African traditions. The European authorities were concerned by this practice, believing it sapped the vitality of their workers; consequently, in 1870, Natal's Coolie Law Consolidation prohibited "the smoking, use, or possession by and the sale, barter, or gift to, any Coolies whatsoever, of any portion of the hemp plant (Cannabis sativa) ..."
- ItemThe Church as an Assembly on Mt. Zion: An Ecclesiology from Hebrews for African Christianity(Langham global library, 2018) Nyende, PeterIn this paper I classify ecclesiological studies, against which I briefly survey African ecclesiological scholarship. From this survey I show that, relative to ecclesiological studies elsewhere, there is a paucity of literature on ecclesiology within African scholarship. I argue that this paucity puts African Christianity at a disadvantage in the quest of African Christians to be simultaneously African and biblical, thereby embodying an African biblical Christianity. In an effort, therefore, to contribute to African ecclesiological scholarship, I offer a conceptual ecclesiology drawn from Hebrews in which the church is understood as a community approaching God, in Christ, in his heavenly dwelling (the heavenly Mt. Zion) to offer him, through the same Christ, prayers and immaterial sacrifices, and to live in obedience to him en route to partaking in the coming fullness of his presence and kingdom. This fullness will result in the realization of God’s purposes for creating the world. I wish to propose from Hebrews a biblical theological ecclesiology that is at home in African Christianity. But since the subject of ecclesiology is vast I will begin my paper by classifying academic discourse on ecclesiology, and within that classification give an overview of ecclesiological studies in Africa. This overview will support the view that, although all types of ecclesiological study are found in Africa, more ecclesiological studies from Africa are needed, especially in the area of conceptual ecclesiologies, if the quest for an authentic but biblical African Christianity is to be achieved.
- ItemContinent-based Comparative Study of Internet Attacks(Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011) Rai, Idris A.; Matsiko, PerezWe have deployed a honeypot sensor node in Uganda that is connected to a distributed honeypot system managed by Leurrecom.org Honeypot project, which constitutes of a large number of different honeypot sensors distributed across different continents. Once joined the project, the system allows access to the whole dataset collected by all sensors in the distributed system. We use the data collected by the honeypot sensors for a period of six months to compare the attacks that have been detected by honeypot sensors in Africa to the attacks detected by sensors in other continents. Our findings reveal that sensor nodes in Africa experience a significant number of attacks. In some cases, the number of attacks for African sensor nodes is significantly higher than many sensors in developed countries. This shows that network attacks are independent of location and Internet popularity in a country. That is, low Internet penetration level in African countries does not mean that networks in Africa are safe from external attacks. In fact, the results further indicate that some attacks are highly likely guided against specific networks.
- ItemThe cost of commercial motorcycle accidents in Uganda(Routledge - Taylor & Francis, 2017-04) Sebaggala, Richard; Matovu, Fred; Ayebale, Dan; Kisenyi, Vincent; Katusiimeh, MessarckRoad traffic accidents are among the leading causes of death and injuries globally. In Africa, road traffic accidents constitute 25 percent of all injury-related deaths which claim the most economically productive population. This book chapter is part of an edited volume which contains empirical studies on determinants of poverty and its reduction in Africa. It looks at multidimensional measures of poverty, production and productivity related factors, policies influencing poverty and random, hazardous but preventive factors influencing poverty levels and their reduction.
- ItemCyber Law in Uganda(Jescho Publishing House, 2020) Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherCyber law is the law governing the internet and all digital transactions carried out thereon. Cyber law is indeed one of the novel areas of the legal system. This is because internet technology develops at such a rapid pace. Cyber law provides legal protections to people using the internet. This includes both businesses and everyday citizens. Understanding cyber law is of the utmost importance to anyone who uses the internet. Cyber Law has also been referred to as the "law of the internet.
- ItemDemystifying the Order from Above: Uganda versus the Attorney General, when the forces exceed their constitutional mandate(Jescho Publishing House, 2021) Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherThe law of criminal procedure lays down the machinery by which suspects are brought to court, tried and if found guilty, punished. Criminal procedure can also be defined as the means by which criminal law is enforced and involves the balancing of the liberty of the citizen against the interests of the community as a whole. The scope of criminal procedure extends over a wide perimeter from prevention and investigation of crime to prosecution and punishment of the offender. As far as human rights are concerned, every Ugandan citizen has a right to liberty. This presupposes that the freedom enjoyed by the citizens can only be limited according to the provisions of the law and anything done without heeding the same is said to be arbitrary. The Uganda Police Force is mandated under Section 4 of the Police Act to; protect the life, property and other rights of the individual, maintain security within Uganda, enforce the law, ensure public safety and order and detect and prevent crime in the society. In order to fulfill this mandate the Police is legally empowered to conduct arrests, searches and institute criminal proceedings. However, the in manner in which the Police has conducted numerous arrests over time, has left many Ugandans sceptical as to whether the Police is indeed a custodian of law and order. Many have witnessed brutal arrests of politicians, on television and in newspapers over time and even more recently when Police was dispersing people from political consultative sessions of presidential opposition candidates like Amama Mbabazi and Kiiza Besigye. The question that continues to linger is how should these arrests be conducted under the law? Benjamin Odoki, in his book, Justice: A Guide to Criminal Procedure in Uganda, 1990, analyses the aspect of arrests by the government. It discusses the procedure of an arrest as enshrined in the laws of Uganda, the rights of an accused person, a suspect and even a convict. The book, in principle, analyses the time before an arrest is carried out; the time and manner of the arrest; and the events that follow the arrest. The book discusses the Miranda rule that guarantees that persons detained by police will not be interrogated in a way that places them at a disadvantage. The book also explores the aspect of searches on people’s property; how and when these searches should be conducted in accordance with the law. The book demystifies the highly volatile discussion of use of reasonable force while carrying out arrests. It lays out the threshold of what amounts to reasonable force and envisages circumstances where force is necessary to effect and arrest. The book also sheds light on the fundamental presumption of innocence and how this presumption should ordinarily be treated. Consequently, the book highlights the abuses that have and can be occasioned following the disregard or misunderstanding of this notion. The book reviews the principle of preventive arrest in light of human rights and its use as a tool of oppression. The book also labours to demystify the difference between the different armed groups in the country. It majorly indicates the difference between the police and the army and how their roles are different. It postulates the instances where this thin line of difference has been overstepped by either group and how catastrophic this action has proven to be overtime. It elaborates on the Posse Comitatus principle that argues against any military intrusion into civilian affairs. The book also tries to put into perspective the different groups being formed and revived in the country in the guise of maintaining law, peace and order. These groups include the Local Defence Units, Crime preventers and the like. The book attempts to place them under the different laws promulgated for the governance of the people of Uganda. The book also concerns itself with the aspect of obtaining confessions and admissions from arrested persons for purposes of presenting the same as evidence before courts of law. There have been instances where arrested persons have been coerced into confessions which have led to false imprisonments. The book also discusses aspects of finding no case against arrested people and the notion of nolle proseque; and the aspect of compensation for the people that have been falsely convicted or wrongfully arrested. The book discusses the issue of liability for police brutality. It discusses the vicarious liability of the Government in civil proceedings as master and employer of police officers for acts of police officers done within the course of duty. The book also considers personal liability of Police officers for their reckless acts in law enforcement and the possibility of the Police opening up investigations and commencing criminal proceedings against its officers. As a bonus, the book briefly discusses part of civil law that is relevant to the issues enunciated above.
- ItemDigital activism in Uganda(Palgrave Macmillan, Cham., 2016-12-13) Chibita, Monica B.;This book chapter traces the historical development of digital activism in Uganda focusing on three historical moments relating to the country’s governance: the ‘Save Mabira’ campaign (2007 and 2011); the ‘Walk-to-work’ campaign (2011) and the Forum for Democratic Change (FDC)’s campaign to replace the National Resistance Movement government in the 2015/2016 elections. The chapter provides an an overview of the provisions for and constraints on freedom of expression and paints a picture of the political environment for any form of activism in Uganda. It presents an overview of key arguments for and against the liberative potential of the new media in a context like Uganda’s. The major questions the chapter addresses relate to the issues driving these campaigns, the communication strategies with a focus on the new media, the achievements and the obstacles/challenges of the campaigns. The chapter thus seeks to document patterns in digital activism in Uganda. The chapter relies on a review of pertinent literature and online content, key informant interviews with leading activists in the three campaigns as well as the author’s own experience of the Ugandan political situation.
- ItemDigital Money: the law of cryptocurrency and cryptography(Jescho Publishing House, 2022) Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherOrdinarily, a cryptocurrency is a digital currency. Crypto currencies are digital assets that are designed to effect electronic payments without the participation of a central authority or intermediary such as a Central Bank or licensed financial institution. It is a medium of exchange that is in the form of digital asset and is designed to use strong cryptography in securing financial transactions; the control of creating additional units; and verifying asset transfer. Put more simply, it is a digital currency in which transactions are verified and records maintained by a decentralized system using cryptography, rather than by a centralized authority. Cryptocurrencies’ may have an effect of bypassing the traditional established centralized systems of money transaction control and this factor has to some minor extent contributed to the skepticism that some economies have towards adopting this trend. In the making of Bit coins, the framers envisioned a world here people would use this digital currency for almost all transactions. No wander still, that the traditional banking system wants to control or eliminate bitcoin. Despite the skepticism surrounding Bitcoins, some countries have endorsed it. El Salvador was the first country to use bitcoin as legal tender, alongside the US dollar.1 Japan and the U.K have also gone miles in promoting the using of bitcoins. Bitcoins being virtual and secured by cryptography, gives another important bypass to common day challenges in the money market like counterfeiting and double spending. They fall under a decentralized system based on block chain technology.
- Iteme-Quantum leap on a data highway: Planning for electric minibus taxis in sub-Saharan Africa’s paratransit system(2021) Ndibatya, InnocentMinibus taxis are ubiquitous in the developing cities of the Global South. This versatile, if somewhat chaotic, public transport system is now faced with the need to move to renewable energy. But the looming roll-out of electric vehicles poses a threat to the already fragile electrical grids of African cities. This chapter evaluates the energy requirements of decarbonisation and evaluates two types of data, passenger-based and vehicle-based, from research in South Africa that has modelled these taxis. Using these two data capture methods, we assess the energy requirements and charging opportunities for electric minibus paratransit in three African cities and compare the results of the two methods to assess their suitability for planning minibus taxi electrification.
- ItemEssential Approaches to Christian Religious Education: Learning and Teaching in Uganda(Globethics.net Praxis, 2018) Byaruhanga, ChristopherThis book is about the essential approaches to Christian religious education learning and teaching in Uganda. We live at a time of change and experimentation in many spheres, not least in educational methods in the teaching of Christian religious education in secondary schools. Teaching Christian religious education at the lower secondary school level is complex. At its core, good teaching of Christian religious education involves the interweaving of content knowledge, pedagogy skills, and a knowledge and appreciation of the multifaceted nature of students and finally the evaluation skills that help the teacher to arrive at the conclusion that the intended key learning outcomes have been achieved. Personal characteristics too are integral in the overall portrait of a pro-fessional Christian religious education teacher especially for those peo-ple who believe that today there is the paradigm shift between providing instruction and producing learning, between imparting knowledge and facilitating learning.
- ItemThe Executive Constitutional Mandate: demystifying the fountain of honor; Presidential powers overreach in Uganda(Jescho Publishing House, 2021) Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherThe first thing I would like to ask my readers is to imagine a different President in office. If they support the current President and believe those who oppose him are doing so for partisan or otherwise illegitimate reasons, they should visualize a President whom they completely distrust. Conversely, if they dislike the current President, they should conceive of the President in power as someone they support and that those opposing him are acting illegitimately. This exercise is helpful, I believe, for focusing attention on the underlying constitutional issues rather than upon the wisdom, or lack thereof, of a particular President’s policies. Views as to whether or not an exercise of presidential power is legitimate tend to be based less upon legal abstractions than upon perceptions of the particular President in power. Someone supporting a particular President, for example, is likely to believe that parliament should not have the power to interfere with the President’s unilateral decision to send troops into armed conflict or that parliament should not have the authority to demand the President to extend or remove his term limits. Conversely, someone who believes a President’s agenda is improperly motivated or ill-advised is more likely to support constitutional principles that provide significant checks and balances upon the President’s exercise of power. In this way, views on presidential power tend to be more variable than views on other constitutional issues because they intuitively relate to who is in power in a way that views on other controversial constitutional issues such as freedom of speech and assembly, or freedom of religion do not. For this reason, this book on presidential power is well timed. Because the question of who will hold the Presidency after the next election should always be much in doubt, this is the perfect opportunity to examine the nature of presidential power as an abstract matter, rather than as a criticism or as an apologia of a specific President’s actions. This is what I intend to do in this book. Specifically, I contend that the power of the Presidency has been expanding since the founding, and that we need to consider the implications of this expansion within the constitutional structure of separation of powers. No matter which party controls power. This book makes the descriptive case by briefly canvassing a series of factors that have had, and continue to have, the effect of expanding presidential power. It further suggests this expansion in presidential power has created a constitutional imbalance between the executive and legislative branches, calling into doubt the continued efficacy of the structure of separation of powers set forth by the Framers. The book offers some suggestions as to how this power imbalance can be alleviated, but it does not present a silver bullet solution. Because many, if not all, the factors that have led to increased presidential power are the products of greed and selfish needs. Thus, this book ends with only the modest conclusion that regardless of who wins the Presidency, it is critical that those on both sides of the aisle work to assure that the growth in presidential power is at least checked, if not reversed.
- ItemExorcising the Inexorcible Buganda Ghost:(Jescho Publishing House, 2022) Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherExorcising the inexorcible Buganda ghost: Hoodwinked, Dumped, Used and re-dumped; A quest for Buganda's cause for Buganda's independence. Buganda in response to their proposals, were invariably faced either cynical deception. What went wrong? Where did this insolent manner of talking down from the height of their exceptionalism, infallibility and all-permissiveness come from? What is the explanation for this contemptuous and disdainful attitude to Buganda interests and absolutely legitimate demands? Buganda has grown weaker and subsequently broken apart. That experience should serve as a good lesson for Buganda because it has shown us that the paralysis of power and will is the first step towards complete degradation and oblivion. Buganda lost confidence for only one moment, but it was enough to disrupt the balance of forces in the Uganda. As a result, this book will argue that the old treaties and agreements are no longer effective. Entreaties and requests do not help. Anything that does not suit the dominant state, the powers that be, is denounced as archaic, obsolete and useless. This redivision of the world, and the norms of international law that developed by that time and the most important of them, the fundamental norms that were adopted following WWII and largely formalised its outcome came in the way of those who declared themselves the "bread servers" under the scramble and partition of Africa.
- ItemFashion, Design and Entertainment Law in Uganda(Jescho Publishing House, 2022) Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherFashion is literally defined to mean a popular or the latest style of clothing, hair, decoration or behaviour. Fashion law can be defined as an amalgamation of various kinds of laws, viz, contract law, employment law, consumer protection law, but most importantly intellectual property law, which can be regarded as the major tenet of fashion law. It also includes related areas such as textile production, modelling, media and the cosmetics and perfume industries. It is a specific field of law that deals with legal issues that impact the fashion industry. Fashion is a popular aesthetic expression in a certain time and context, especially in clothing, footwear, life style, accessories, make up, hairstyle and body proportions. A trend often connotes a specific aesthetic expression and often lasting shorter than a season. Style is an expression that lasts over many seasons and is often connected to cultural movements and social makers, symbols, class and culture. Fashion is generally transient of short lasting in nature and involves continuous change.
- ItemFreedom through law(Jescho Publishing House, 2021-08-16) Lubogo, Isaac Christopher“If the legal system or a particular law is wrong or not good enough, and should be changed: if that is against the law, then the law is an ass – an idiot….” said of a law that one thinks is unnecessary or ridiculous. The phrase comes from Charles Dickens Novel, Oliver Twist. This opinion was expressed by Mr. Bumble, when he learned from Mr. Brownlow that, under Victorian law, he was responsible for actions carried out by his wife. His words and action vividly convey the extent of his indignation when he apprised of this legal fact, if that’s the eye of the law, the law is a bachelor: and the worst I wish the law is that his eye may be opened by experience. (Resonate with changing society) This is the very purpose of this book. The law should be seen to resonate with changing society not a dogma for if we fail to do so then to use Shakespeareʼs exact line by the famous plotter of treachery “ the first thing we do, letʼs kill all the lawyers” this was stated by Dick the Butcher, in Henry VI part II, Act IV, Scene II, LINE 73 Dick the Butcher was a follower of the rebel Jack Cade, who thought that if he disturbed law order, he could become king. Shakespeare meant it as a compliment to attorneys and judges who instill justice in society. It is among Shakespeareʼs most famous lines, as well as one of his most controversial. Shakespeare may be making a joke when character “Dick the Butcher” suggests one of the ways the band of pretenders to the throne can improve the country is to kill all the lawyers. Dick is a rough character, a killer as evil as his name implies like the other henchmen, and this is his rough solution to his perceived societal problem. The line has been interpreted in different ways: criticism of how lawyers maintain the privilege of the wealthy and powerful; implicit praise of how lawyers(law) emphasis added stand in the way of violent mobs; and criticism of bureaucracy and perversions of the rule of law under THE NAME OF DOGMA
- ItemHealth Crises and Media Discourses in Sub-Saharan Africa(Springer International Publishing, 2022) Dralega, Carol Azungi; Angella, NapakolLong before the Covid-19 health crisis, sub-Saharan Africa has and still endures the brunt of many global health crises such as the deadly Ebola virus, HIV/AIDS, cholera and malaria, which have claimed millions of lives. Then came the Covid19 outbreak at the dawn of 2019 that has, to date, infected 511,965,711 and killed 6,240,619 people globally. Although better2 than other regions, Africa accounts for 8,790,143 confirmed cases and 171,666 deaths (WHO, 03 May 2022)—making Covid-19 a unique health crisis. Unique in that when, in January 2020, the World Health Organization declared Covid-19 a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (and a global pandemic soon after), countries around the world embarked on drastic public health measures to curb the spread. Restrictions of different proportions and motives were instituted with various repercussions on all sectors, including the media.
- ItemThe History and Theology of the Ecumenical Movement in East Africa(Fountain Publishers, Kampala - Uganda, 2015) Byaruhanga, ChristopherThis book focuses on the history and Theology of the Ecumenical Movement in East Africa, focuses on how ecumenism has been understood by the Christians in this part of Africa. Just as there is a broad understanding of ecumenism in many countries of the world, there are also shifts in the way ecumenical movement has been conceived and carried out in East Africa. The history and theology of the Ecumenical Movement in East Africa, therefore, adds more literature to the already existing great wealth of knowledge in the area of ecumenism. However, its major aim is to address the deficiency of the materials related directly to the various history and theology of the ecumenical movement syllabi in institutions of higher learning in East Africa. The book aims at two things. Firstly, it is an effort to produce a textbook that can be used in teaching ecumenics in tertiary institutions in East Africa. Secondly, it is an attempt at setting the boundaries and the agenda for the future development of ecumenics in colleges and universities in East Africa. The choice of chapters in this book was partly determined by the course outlines from tertiary institutions in East Africa that offer ecumenics. This book, therefore, is intended to be a modest textbook that provides some directions and perspectives of what is to be taught at tertiary level in east Africa. As a guide to the study of the history and theology of the ecumenical movement in east Africa, this book highlights the emergence and teaching of the ecumenical bodies at global, regional and national levels. It is a study of the history and theology of ecumenism as traditionally associated with the movement towards unity as began by the non-roman catholic churches in east Africa which wanted to overcome the tendency toward denominationalism and rivalry that characterized much of the early church activities in the region. Two ecumenical challenges in east Africa are addressed in this book. The first challenge is among Christians from different ecclesiastical traditions. For many years, there has been historical and theological misrepresentation of the various religious traditions. And yet in the east Africa, the majority of Christians belong to certain Christian traditions not because of any theological convictions, but because they happen to be born in those traditions. The history and theology of the ecumenical movement in east Africa, therefore, is presented in such a way that the reader is helped to: (a) Learn a new way of relating to Christians from different traditions. (b) Realize that he true ecumenism doesn’t come from courses on ecumenism since it is not simply an intellectual enterprise, although these courses are very important for raising awareness; neither does it come from services organized for special occasions, although this is also fundamental in witnessing to the world. Rather it comes from practical experience in daily life. Ecumenism, therefore, must have some success in people’s relationships. The second challenge is among African Christians who have a strong background of African spirituality. In the recent past, many of the first generation African ecumenical theologians have been encouraged to learn to be humble in the face of the enrichment that African spirituality brings to Christianity. Respect for the African spirituality brings Christianity. Respect for the African spirituality helps to recognize the limitations of a kind of Christianity whose world view is western that has existed in east Africa for a long time. In this book, there has been deliberate attempt to work towards a better understanding of African spirituality.
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