An In-Depth Anaysis of the Impact of Land Legislation on Safeguarding Land Tenure Rights in Oil and Gas Areas

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Uganda Chrisitian University
This research delves into the intricate dynamics surrounding land legislation and its profound influence on safeguarding land tenure rights within oil and gas-rich regions, with a specific focus on Uganda's Albertine Region. The discovery and exploitation of oil and gas resources in this region have brought forth multifaceted challenges, particularly concerning land tenure rights, which are pivotal for the well-being and livelihoods of local communities. Uganda's Albertine Region represents a microcosm of the complex interplay between natural resource extraction, land ownership, and legislative frameworks. Against this backdrop, this study aims to comprehensively analyze the efficacy and implications of existing land legislation in protecting the land tenure rights of local inhabitants amidst the burgeoning oil and gas industry. By employing a case study approach, this research endeavors to unravel the nuanced dynamics at play within the Albertine Region, shedding light on the experiences, perceptions, and realities of various stakeholders, including local communities, governmental bodies, and corporate entities involved in resource extraction. Key focal points of analysis include the adequacy of existing land laws and policies in safeguarding the rights of indigenous communities, the effectiveness of mechanisms for land acquisition and compensation, and the extent to which regulatory frameworks account for the socio-cultural and economic implications of land dispossession. Moreover, this study seeks to elucidate the challenges and opportunities for meaningful community participation in decision-making processes related to land use and resource extraction, thereby exploring avenues for enhancing community empowerment and ensuring equitable distribution of benefits derived from natural resource exploitation. Through an interdisciplinary lens drawing upon legal, socio-economic, and environmental perspectives, this research aims to contribute to scholarly discourse on land governance in resource-rich contexts, offering insights into the complexities inherent in balancing economic development imperatives with the protection of land tenure rights and environmental sustainability. Ultimately, the findings of this study are envisaged to inform policy formulation and advocacy efforts aimed at fostering more inclusive and equitable approaches to land governance in Uganda's Albertine Region and beyond, thereby advancing the overarching goal of sustainable development and social justice.
A Dissertation submitted to the Faculty of Law for Attainment of a Masters Degree in Law Oil And Gas from Uganda Christian University, Mukono