Competitive Strategies and Life Insurance Uptake in Uganda: A Case Study of Kampala Central Business District
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The study examined the effect of competitive strategies on life insurance uptake in Uganda using Kampala Central Business District as a case study. The specific objectives of the study included to: establish the extent to which differentiation strategy affects life insurance uptake in Uganda; assess how cost leadership strategy affects life insurance uptake in Uganda; and examine the extent to which distribution channel affects life insurance uptake in Uganda. A cross – sectional research design was used with a mixed research approach employing both qualitative and quantitative approaches. A sample size of 306 respondents was selected from a study population of 1500 using of Krejcie & Morgan’s table. Descriptive analysis was used where frequencies, percentages, mean and standard deviation were used. In addition, Pearson’s correlation and regression analysis were used to analyse the relationship between competitive strategies and life insurance uptake, and to determine the most significant predicator variable among the independent variables respectively. A pre-test was done and all variables had an alpha value greater than 0.70 thus, considered reliable for the study. The study revealed a significant positive relationship between differentiation strategy and life insurance uptake at Pearson’s correlation coefficient (r = 0.291, N=181, P =0.000). The study also established a significant positive relationship between cost leadership strategy and life insurance uptake (r =0.169, N=181, p=0.023). It was also established that there exists a significant positive relationship between distribution channel and life insurance uptake at Pearson’s correlation coefficient (r = 0.241, N=181, p=0.001). The R square was 0.12 indicating that differentiation strategy, cost leadership strategy and distribution channels explain 12.0% of the life insurance uptake. The researcher concluded that differentiation strategy, cost leadership strategy and distribution channel strategy have a significant positive effect on life insurance uptake. The researcher recommended that there should be more differentiation of life insurance products and services offering, as this will enable companies experience growth in the areas of premium volumes, market share, and profitability levels. The researcher also recommended that the cost of life insurance premiums should be further reduced to allow even low income earners afford life insurance policies. Finally, the researcher recommended that there should be streamlined product distribution channels such that customers are able to receive reliable and accessible products/services at very competitive prices.