Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorMatovu, Joseph K. B.
dc.contributor.authorTodd, Jim
dc.contributor.authorWanyenze, Rhoda K.
dc.contributor.authorKairania, Robert
dc.contributor.authorSerwadda, David
dc.contributor.authorWabwire-Mangen, Fred
dc.date.accessioned2018-07-24T10:41:37Z
dc.date.available2018-07-24T10:41:37Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.citationMatovu et al. Evaluation of a demand-creation intervention for couples’ HIV testing services among married or cohabiting individuals in Rakai, Uganda: a cluster-randomized intervention trial BMC Infectious Diseases Vol. 16 No. 379 (2016) DOI 10.1186/s12879-016-1720-yen_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11951/266
dc.descriptionThis article reports the effect of a demand-creation intervention trial on couples’ HCT uptake among married or cohabiting individuals who had never received couples’ HCT.en_US
dc.description.abstractBackground: Uptake of couples’ HIV counseling and testing (couples’ HCT) services remains largely low in most settings. We report the effect of a demand-creation intervention trial on couples’ HCT uptake among married or cohabiting individuals who had never received couples’ HCT. Methods: This was a cluster-randomized intervention trial implemented in three study regions with differing HIV prevalence levels (range: 9–43 %) in Rakai district, southwestern Uganda, between February and September 2014. We randomly assigned six clusters (1:1) to receive the intervention or serve as the comparison arm using computer-generated random numbers. In the intervention clusters, individuals attended small group, couple and male-focused interactive sessions, reinforced with testimonies from ‘expert couples’, and received invitation coupons to test together with their partners at designated health facilities. In the comparison clusters, participants attended general adult health education sessions but received no invitation coupons. The primary outcome was couples’ HCT uptake, measured 12 months post-baseline. Baseline data were collected between November 2013 and February 2014nwhile follow-up data were collected between March and April 2015. We conducted intention-to-treat analysis using a mixed effects Poisson regression model to assess for differences in couples’ HCT uptake between the intervention and comparison clusters. Data analysis was conducted using STATA statistical software, version 14.1. Results: Of 2135 married or cohabiting individuals interviewed at baseline, 42 % (n = 846) had ever received couples’ HCT. Of those who had never received couples’ HCT (n = 1,174), 697 were interviewed in the intervention clusters while 477 were interviewed in the comparison clusters. 73.6 % (n = 513) of those interviewed in the intervention and 82.6 % (n = 394) of those interviewed in the comparison cluster were interviewed at follow-up. Of those interviewed, 72.3 % (n = 371) in the intervention and 65.2 % (n = 257) in the comparison clusters received HCT. Couples’ HCT uptake was higher in the intervention than in the comparison clusters (20.3 % versus 13.7 %; adjusted prevalence ratio (aPR) = 1.43, 95 % CI: 1.02, 2.01, P = 0.04). Conclusion: Our findings show that a small group, couple and male-focused, demand-creation intervention reinforced with testimonies from ‘expert couples’, improved uptake of couples’ HCT in this rural setting. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02492061. Date of registration: June 14, 2015.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherBMC Infectious Diseasesen_US
dc.subjectDemand creationen_US
dc.subjectIntervention - Couples’en_US
dc.subjectHCT Uptake - Rakai, Ugandaen_US
dc.titleEvaluation of a demand-creation intervention for couples’ HIV testing services among married or cohabiting individuals in Rakai, Uganda: a cluster-randomized intervention trialen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record