Browsing by Author "Lubogo, Isaac Christopher"
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- ItemA masterful exploration of the Internet of things(Jescho Publishing House, 2023) Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherThe Internet of Things: Connecting a Smarter World" is an engaging and informative book that explores the fascinating world of IoT (Internet of Things) technology. It takes readers on a journey through the evolution, impact, and future potential of IoT, providing a comprehensive overview of this revolutionary network of interconnected devices and their role in shaping our lives.
- ItemThe Art of Oratory in Jurisprudence(Jescho Publishing House, 2022) Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherLawyers often speak before adjudicators, city councils, planning commissions, and give talks to civic groups, business executives, or company employees. They even give media interviews on behalf of clients. For certain individuals, it falls into place without any issues. It’s a piece of their characters. In any case, for the individuals who aren’t sure or have stage dread can generally work on speaking and oratory skills. It’s progressively essential to be a viable open speaker if you mean to be a litigator. Judges and juries will anticipate it. Restricting insight will be prepared to jump if you need certainty or on the off chance that you continually slip up when making your contentions in court. It is a highstress condition and you should be agreeable introducing your case as well as having the option to think and react quickly when being tested by your appointed authority. For attorneys, this is significantly increasingly significant. Individuals believe that since you’re a legal counsellor, you’re consequently a dauntless and splendid open speaker. We legal advisors all realize this isn’t in every case valid. This desire, however, is one motivation behind why it’s progressively significant for legal advisors to have great talking abilities than it is for some other experts. As a legal advisor, it’s important that you realize how to convince an adjudicator or council, or address a gathering of professionals, investors, or meeting members.
- ItemBeyond borders(Jescho Publishing House, 2023) Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherBeyond Borders: Exploring the Legal Frontiers of Space" is a comprehensive examination of the dynamic field of space law and its profound implications for the exploration and utilization of space. This book delves into the legal frameworks, international treaties, and emerging challenges that govern various aspects of space activities, from space exploration to satellite communication, remote sensing, space resource utilization, human spaceflight, and commercial space ventures. Through a systematic analysis of international treaties, national legislations, and case studies, this book elucidates the intricate web of regulations and principles that shape space law. It explores critical topics such as space traffic management, orbital debris mitigation, planetary protection, property rights in space resources, and the rights and responsibilities of private actors in the space domain. Drawing on the latest developments in space law and policy, "Beyond Borders" sheds light on the future directions and challenges in this evolving field. It offers insights into the legal implications of space tourism, suborbital flights, lunar and Mars exploration missions, and potential legal frameworks for space colonization and settlement. This book serves as a valuable resource for policymakers, lawyers, researchers, and space enthusiasts alike, providing a comprehensive understanding of the legal landscape surrounding space activities. It emphasizes the importance of international cooperation, harmonization of laws, and the need for continuous adaptation to address the ever-changing nature of space exploration and utilization. "Beyond Borders: Exploring the Legal Frontiers of Space" paves the way for informed discussions, encourages dialogue among stakeholders, and calls for collaborative efforts in shaping a sustainable and responsible future in space exploration and development. Space technology encompasses various disciplines and technologies that enable the exploration, utilization, and understanding of space. It involves the development and deployment of systems, vehicles, instruments, and techniques to overcome the challenges of operating in the extreme environment of space.
- ItemCannabis and Associated Medicinal Herbs in Uganda(Jescho Publishing House, 2022) Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherCannabis is a drug plant. People use the dried leaves, seed oil, and other parts of the cannabis plant for recreational and medicinal purposes. It can have a pleasurable effect and may soothe the symptoms of various conditions, such as chronic pain. It is prudent to say that the first written record of the plant consumption and growing is in South Africa. Jan van Riebeeck, who ordered officers of the Voorman to purchase "daccha" in Natal for trade with the Khoikhoi. The Dutch East India Company attempted to establish a monopoly on its sale, and to that end prohibited cultivation of the plant by Cape settlers from 1680. However, the ready availability of cannabis in the wild and through trade with indigenous peoples meant that there was little profit to be made. Consequently, the prohibition was lifted in 1700. Beginning in 1860, the Natal Colony began to import Indian workers (called "coolies" at the time) to supplement their labour force. These Indians brought with them the habit of consuming cannabis and hashish, which blended with local, extant African traditions. The European authorities were concerned by this practice, believing it sapped the vitality of their workers; consequently, in 1870, Natal's Coolie Law Consolidation prohibited "the smoking, use, or possession by and the sale, barter, or gift to, any Coolies whatsoever, of any portion of the hemp plant (Cannabis sativa) ..."
- ItemCounterfeits chronicles(Jescho Publishing House, 2023) Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherCounterfeit Chronicles: Unmasking, Exposing, and Shattering the Hidden Underworld Epidemic of Fraud" by Isaac Christopher Lubogo is a captivating exploration of the pervasive global issue of counterfeits. In this eye-opening book, Lubogo delves into the various forms of counterfeiting that plague our world, exposing the hidden underworld of fraud that deceives individuals and jeopardizes economies. Through a comprehensive and thought-provoking analysis, Lubogo uncovers the faces of deception in Chapter 1, revealing the prevalence of counterfeit products in sectors such as health, consumer goods, and luxury items. In Chapter 2, he shines a light on the intellectual property imposters, unmasking the unauthorized replication of patents, trademarks, and copyrights, and the detrimental impact on innovation and legitimate businesses. Lubogo explores the realm of counterfeit currency in Chapter 3, elucidating the techniques used to forge banknotes and the dire consequences for economies. Chapter 4 delves into the digital age and cyber counterfeiting, exposing the proliferation of counterfeit websites, online marketplaces, and digital piracy, and its ramifications for businesses and consumers. In Chapter 5, the author takes readers on a journey into the hidden world of the dark web, revealing its connection to counterfeit trade and the challenges faced in regulating it. Highlighting the global impact of counterfeiting, Chapter 6 presents notable case studies and regional variations, underscoring the economic, social, and cultural ramifications in different countries. Finally, in Chapter 7, Lubogo outlines strategies and solutions to combat counterfeits, exploring technological advancements, enforcement measures, legal frameworks, and the critical role of consumer awareness. Chapter 8: The Rise of AI Counterfeiting: Navigating the Threat of Synthetic Deception, in this concluding chapter, "The Rise of AI Counterfeiting," Isaac Christopher Lubogo explores the emerging frontier of artificial intelligence (AI) counterfeiting and its potential implications. As technology continues to advance at an unprecedented pace, the manipulation and misuse of AI systems pose new challenges in the fight against counterfeits. Lubogo sheds light on the concept of AI counterfeiting, examining how malicious actors harness the power of AI algorithms to create synthetic counterfeit content, such as deepfake videos, audio recordings, and text. He delves into the methods and techniques employed to deceive individuals and organizations, highlighting the profound implications for trust, authenticity, and information integrity. Drawing on real-world examples and cutting-edge research, Lubogo navigates the ethical, legal, and societal concerns associated with AI counterfeiting. He discusses the potential impact on various domains, including media, politics, and public discourse, as well as the challenges faced in detecting and mitigating these advanced forms of deception. Furthermore, Lubogo explores the evolving landscape of AI-based authentication and verification technologies, presenting innovative solutions that aim to combat AI counterfeiting. He discusses the importance of robust AI governance frameworks, responsible AI development, and public awareness to foster resilience against synthetic deception. As the concluding chapter of "Counterfeit Chronicles," "The Rise of AI Counterfeiting" serves as a call to action for individuals, businesses, and policymakers to proactively address this emerging threat. Lubogo emphasizes the need for collaboration between technology developers, industry stakeholders, and regulatory bodies to stay one step ahead in the ongoing battle against AI counterfeiting. By addressing the complex intersection of AI and counterfeiting, this chapter encourages readers to think critically about the evolving nature of deception and explore new approaches to ensuring trust, authenticity, and transparency in an increasingly AI-driven world. This chapter is a suggestion based on the evolving landscape of AI counterfeiting. Please note that the field of AI is rapidly evolving, and new developments may arise that could warrant further exploration or adjustments in the chapter content. "Counterfeit Chronicles" is an urgent call to action, offering a meticulous examination of the counterfeit epidemic and its far-reaching consequences. Lubogo's engaging storytelling, backed by extensive research, unravels the complexities of the issue and encourages readers to become agents of change. With an emphasis on collaboration and vigilance, this book empowers individuals to join the fight against counterfeits and contribute to a fraud-free future. Through its captivating narratives and insightful analysis, "Counterfeit Chronicles: Unmasking, Exposing, and Shattering the Hidden Underworld Epidemic of Fraud" exposes the dark underbelly of counterfeiting, educates readers on the various forms it takes, and inspires collective efforts to dismantle this pervasive global threat.
- ItemCyber Law in Uganda(Jescho Publishing House, 2020) Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherCyber law is the law governing the internet and all digital transactions carried out thereon. Cyber law is indeed one of the novel areas of the legal system. This is because internet technology develops at such a rapid pace. Cyber law provides legal protections to people using the internet. This includes both businesses and everyday citizens. Understanding cyber law is of the utmost importance to anyone who uses the internet. Cyber Law has also been referred to as the "law of the internet.
- ItemDemystifying the Order from Above: Uganda versus the Attorney General, when the forces exceed their constitutional mandate(Jescho Publishing House, 2021) Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherThe law of criminal procedure lays down the machinery by which suspects are brought to court, tried and if found guilty, punished. Criminal procedure can also be defined as the means by which criminal law is enforced and involves the balancing of the liberty of the citizen against the interests of the community as a whole. The scope of criminal procedure extends over a wide perimeter from prevention and investigation of crime to prosecution and punishment of the offender. As far as human rights are concerned, every Ugandan citizen has a right to liberty. This presupposes that the freedom enjoyed by the citizens can only be limited according to the provisions of the law and anything done without heeding the same is said to be arbitrary. The Uganda Police Force is mandated under Section 4 of the Police Act to; protect the life, property and other rights of the individual, maintain security within Uganda, enforce the law, ensure public safety and order and detect and prevent crime in the society. In order to fulfill this mandate the Police is legally empowered to conduct arrests, searches and institute criminal proceedings. However, the in manner in which the Police has conducted numerous arrests over time, has left many Ugandans sceptical as to whether the Police is indeed a custodian of law and order. Many have witnessed brutal arrests of politicians, on television and in newspapers over time and even more recently when Police was dispersing people from political consultative sessions of presidential opposition candidates like Amama Mbabazi and Kiiza Besigye. The question that continues to linger is how should these arrests be conducted under the law? Benjamin Odoki, in his book, Justice: A Guide to Criminal Procedure in Uganda, 1990, analyses the aspect of arrests by the government. It discusses the procedure of an arrest as enshrined in the laws of Uganda, the rights of an accused person, a suspect and even a convict. The book, in principle, analyses the time before an arrest is carried out; the time and manner of the arrest; and the events that follow the arrest. The book discusses the Miranda rule that guarantees that persons detained by police will not be interrogated in a way that places them at a disadvantage. The book also explores the aspect of searches on people’s property; how and when these searches should be conducted in accordance with the law. The book demystifies the highly volatile discussion of use of reasonable force while carrying out arrests. It lays out the threshold of what amounts to reasonable force and envisages circumstances where force is necessary to effect and arrest. The book also sheds light on the fundamental presumption of innocence and how this presumption should ordinarily be treated. Consequently, the book highlights the abuses that have and can be occasioned following the disregard or misunderstanding of this notion. The book reviews the principle of preventive arrest in light of human rights and its use as a tool of oppression. The book also labours to demystify the difference between the different armed groups in the country. It majorly indicates the difference between the police and the army and how their roles are different. It postulates the instances where this thin line of difference has been overstepped by either group and how catastrophic this action has proven to be overtime. It elaborates on the Posse Comitatus principle that argues against any military intrusion into civilian affairs. The book also tries to put into perspective the different groups being formed and revived in the country in the guise of maintaining law, peace and order. These groups include the Local Defence Units, Crime preventers and the like. The book attempts to place them under the different laws promulgated for the governance of the people of Uganda. The book also concerns itself with the aspect of obtaining confessions and admissions from arrested persons for purposes of presenting the same as evidence before courts of law. There have been instances where arrested persons have been coerced into confessions which have led to false imprisonments. The book also discusses aspects of finding no case against arrested people and the notion of nolle proseque; and the aspect of compensation for the people that have been falsely convicted or wrongfully arrested. The book discusses the issue of liability for police brutality. It discusses the vicarious liability of the Government in civil proceedings as master and employer of police officers for acts of police officers done within the course of duty. The book also considers personal liability of Police officers for their reckless acts in law enforcement and the possibility of the Police opening up investigations and commencing criminal proceedings against its officers. As a bonus, the book briefly discusses part of civil law that is relevant to the issues enunciated above.
- ItemDigital Money: the law of cryptocurrency and cryptography(Jescho Publishing House, 2022) Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherOrdinarily, a cryptocurrency is a digital currency. Crypto currencies are digital assets that are designed to effect electronic payments without the participation of a central authority or intermediary such as a Central Bank or licensed financial institution. It is a medium of exchange that is in the form of digital asset and is designed to use strong cryptography in securing financial transactions; the control of creating additional units; and verifying asset transfer. Put more simply, it is a digital currency in which transactions are verified and records maintained by a decentralized system using cryptography, rather than by a centralized authority. Cryptocurrencies’ may have an effect of bypassing the traditional established centralized systems of money transaction control and this factor has to some minor extent contributed to the skepticism that some economies have towards adopting this trend. In the making of Bit coins, the framers envisioned a world here people would use this digital currency for almost all transactions. No wander still, that the traditional banking system wants to control or eliminate bitcoin. Despite the skepticism surrounding Bitcoins, some countries have endorsed it. El Salvador was the first country to use bitcoin as legal tender, alongside the US dollar.1 Japan and the U.K have also gone miles in promoting the using of bitcoins. Bitcoins being virtual and secured by cryptography, gives another important bypass to common day challenges in the money market like counterfeiting and double spending. They fall under a decentralized system based on block chain technology.
- ItemThe Executive Constitutional Mandate: demystifying the fountain of honor; Presidential powers overreach in Uganda(Jescho Publishing House, 2021) Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherThe first thing I would like to ask my readers is to imagine a different President in office. If they support the current President and believe those who oppose him are doing so for partisan or otherwise illegitimate reasons, they should visualize a President whom they completely distrust. Conversely, if they dislike the current President, they should conceive of the President in power as someone they support and that those opposing him are acting illegitimately. This exercise is helpful, I believe, for focusing attention on the underlying constitutional issues rather than upon the wisdom, or lack thereof, of a particular President’s policies. Views as to whether or not an exercise of presidential power is legitimate tend to be based less upon legal abstractions than upon perceptions of the particular President in power. Someone supporting a particular President, for example, is likely to believe that parliament should not have the power to interfere with the President’s unilateral decision to send troops into armed conflict or that parliament should not have the authority to demand the President to extend or remove his term limits. Conversely, someone who believes a President’s agenda is improperly motivated or ill-advised is more likely to support constitutional principles that provide significant checks and balances upon the President’s exercise of power. In this way, views on presidential power tend to be more variable than views on other constitutional issues because they intuitively relate to who is in power in a way that views on other controversial constitutional issues such as freedom of speech and assembly, or freedom of religion do not. For this reason, this book on presidential power is well timed. Because the question of who will hold the Presidency after the next election should always be much in doubt, this is the perfect opportunity to examine the nature of presidential power as an abstract matter, rather than as a criticism or as an apologia of a specific President’s actions. This is what I intend to do in this book. Specifically, I contend that the power of the Presidency has been expanding since the founding, and that we need to consider the implications of this expansion within the constitutional structure of separation of powers. No matter which party controls power. This book makes the descriptive case by briefly canvassing a series of factors that have had, and continue to have, the effect of expanding presidential power. It further suggests this expansion in presidential power has created a constitutional imbalance between the executive and legislative branches, calling into doubt the continued efficacy of the structure of separation of powers set forth by the Framers. The book offers some suggestions as to how this power imbalance can be alleviated, but it does not present a silver bullet solution. Because many, if not all, the factors that have led to increased presidential power are the products of greed and selfish needs. Thus, this book ends with only the modest conclusion that regardless of who wins the Presidency, it is critical that those on both sides of the aisle work to assure that the growth in presidential power is at least checked, if not reversed.
- ItemExorcising the Inexorcible Buganda Ghost:(Jescho Publishing House, 2022) Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherExorcising the inexorcible Buganda ghost: Hoodwinked, Dumped, Used and re-dumped; A quest for Buganda's cause for Buganda's independence. Buganda in response to their proposals, were invariably faced either cynical deception. What went wrong? Where did this insolent manner of talking down from the height of their exceptionalism, infallibility and all-permissiveness come from? What is the explanation for this contemptuous and disdainful attitude to Buganda interests and absolutely legitimate demands? Buganda has grown weaker and subsequently broken apart. That experience should serve as a good lesson for Buganda because it has shown us that the paralysis of power and will is the first step towards complete degradation and oblivion. Buganda lost confidence for only one moment, but it was enough to disrupt the balance of forces in the Uganda. As a result, this book will argue that the old treaties and agreements are no longer effective. Entreaties and requests do not help. Anything that does not suit the dominant state, the powers that be, is denounced as archaic, obsolete and useless. This redivision of the world, and the norms of international law that developed by that time and the most important of them, the fundamental norms that were adopted following WWII and largely formalised its outcome came in the way of those who declared themselves the "bread servers" under the scramble and partition of Africa.
- ItemFashion, Design and Entertainment Law in Uganda(Jescho Publishing House, 2022) Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherFashion is literally defined to mean a popular or the latest style of clothing, hair, decoration or behaviour. Fashion law can be defined as an amalgamation of various kinds of laws, viz, contract law, employment law, consumer protection law, but most importantly intellectual property law, which can be regarded as the major tenet of fashion law. It also includes related areas such as textile production, modelling, media and the cosmetics and perfume industries. It is a specific field of law that deals with legal issues that impact the fashion industry. Fashion is a popular aesthetic expression in a certain time and context, especially in clothing, footwear, life style, accessories, make up, hairstyle and body proportions. A trend often connotes a specific aesthetic expression and often lasting shorter than a season. Style is an expression that lasts over many seasons and is often connected to cultural movements and social makers, symbols, class and culture. Fashion is generally transient of short lasting in nature and involves continuous change.
- ItemFreedom through law(Jescho Publishing House, 2021-08-16) Lubogo, Isaac Christopher“If the legal system or a particular law is wrong or not good enough, and should be changed: if that is against the law, then the law is an ass – an idiot….” said of a law that one thinks is unnecessary or ridiculous. The phrase comes from Charles Dickens Novel, Oliver Twist. This opinion was expressed by Mr. Bumble, when he learned from Mr. Brownlow that, under Victorian law, he was responsible for actions carried out by his wife. His words and action vividly convey the extent of his indignation when he apprised of this legal fact, if that’s the eye of the law, the law is a bachelor: and the worst I wish the law is that his eye may be opened by experience. (Resonate with changing society) This is the very purpose of this book. The law should be seen to resonate with changing society not a dogma for if we fail to do so then to use Shakespeareʼs exact line by the famous plotter of treachery “ the first thing we do, letʼs kill all the lawyers” this was stated by Dick the Butcher, in Henry VI part II, Act IV, Scene II, LINE 73 Dick the Butcher was a follower of the rebel Jack Cade, who thought that if he disturbed law order, he could become king. Shakespeare meant it as a compliment to attorneys and judges who instill justice in society. It is among Shakespeareʼs most famous lines, as well as one of his most controversial. Shakespeare may be making a joke when character “Dick the Butcher” suggests one of the ways the band of pretenders to the throne can improve the country is to kill all the lawyers. Dick is a rough character, a killer as evil as his name implies like the other henchmen, and this is his rough solution to his perceived societal problem. The line has been interpreted in different ways: criticism of how lawyers maintain the privilege of the wealthy and powerful; implicit praise of how lawyers(law) emphasis added stand in the way of violent mobs; and criticism of bureaucracy and perversions of the rule of law under THE NAME OF DOGMA
- ItemHistory of Busoga(Marianum Press Ltd, 2020) Lubogo, Yekoniya Kaira; Eastern Province (Bantu Language) Literature Committee, Jinja — Uganda; Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherEver since Busoga came into existence, none of its histories has been written down although it can be proved that most of this history is true. This history was known to every musoga, having been handed down to successive generations until the coming of Europeans such as Speke, the ﬁrst White man to see the Source of the Nile in 1862. This discovery attracted more and more Europeans, whose coming effected the disappearance of the old order. Our history was handed down the generations through a continuous chain-like process. It could just not be forgotten since, through all the ages, men and women would talk together about the various historical events in the hearing of the young generation. Further, narrating these historical events would be done during communal activities such as beer parties, games, or during all sorts of social functions, or during the ceremonies held in honour of the gods. No problem would be solved, nor any dispute settled, without reference to the past events in order to justify the solution or settlement. On such occasions, when reference was made to past events, children had the opportunity to hear and learn these things. Needless to say, the elders also had the opportunity to remind themselves of these things. There were no special historians among these people; everyone amongst them was a historian and whatever facts he remembered, would be either agreed to by his colleagues or rejected. After much dispute and explanation, they would all agree to one thing. We believe that the history of this country was preserved in this way, and as historians, we must rely on this verbal history whenever we wish to write about any particular historical event. There are two types of clans in Busoga. The ﬁrst type is the ruling clans which established themselves in their present locations at the time when Busoga was just coming into existence. Such clans were independent and each was a small enclave of only 10 - 20 square miles, each of them jealously guarded their independence. Each clan had a ruling family, with its sons and daughters regarded as princes and princesses, just like any other ruling family in a big kingdom. This is why we say that these families were like real Kabakas (kingships), as you will see later in this book. The second type of clans was that with no power over any part of the country. These clans lived under the rule of the ruling clans, from whom they got their land on which they settled. Later on, this land became theirs permanently. The clans provided servants, ﬁghters, courtiers, wives, and labourers of all types. When these married any member of the ﬁrst type of clan, the children were not regarded as princes or princesses.
- ItemI So Pray, My Lord(Jescho Publishing House, 2022) Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherManagement and leadership skills are often used interchangeably as they both involve planning, decision-making, problem-solving, communication, delegation, and time management. Good managers are almost always good leaders as well. In addition to leading, a critical role of a manager is to also ensure that all parts of the organization are functioning cohesively. Without such integration, several issues can arise, and failure is bound to happen. Management skills are crucial for various positions and at different levels of a company, from top leadership to intermediate supervisors to first-level managers. While management is both an art and a science, it is a very wide and elusive subject, and no conclusive definition exists. Management can be defined as a process, an activity, or a profession.
- ItemIntelligent Design and the African Ontological and Epistemological Aesthetics: a legal philosophical discourse(Jescho Publishing House, 2021) Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherThis book introduces the controversy over intelligent Design; introducing some closely related views, such as creationism, theistic evolutionism and naturalistic evolutionism. It deals with the relationship of African jurisprudence and the natural sciences as a complex and controversial issue, it introduces many basic concepts used in the African context and African science discussion, and shows how my own approach of the intelligent design debate builds on these. It analyses the basic ideas and logic of design arguments, as well as setting the stage for further analysis and explores the philosophical and Africanised questions raised by the previous authors, with particular focus ion analysing critiques of “designer of the gaps” and “naturalism of the gaps arguments.” It focuses further on the intensions between ID and African theistic evolutionism and further analyses the discussion surrounding the problem of natural evil and design arguments it summarizes the philosophical basis of the fine-tuning argument or the problem of natural evil. However, my purpose is into to provide the deepest analysis of fine-tuning or the problem of natural evil to date, but rather to provide an analysis of the intelligent design movement’s particular design arguments and the structure of thought which underlies them in the African way. For this purpose, it is necessary to examine this design argument from a variety of angles, this will make it impossible to see anew connections and intensions that have into been clear in previous researchers. Furthermore, since the issues are linked advancing the discussion requires understanding all of the central issues surrounding design arguments. The breadth of this book is also necessary to demonstrate how philosophical and African innate ideas influence the discussion and what their role is in relation to the empirical arguments. based on my analysis of the arguments used in this book, I have reached the overarching conclusion that there is no philosophical or Africanized jurisprudential silver bullet that could by itself settle the discussion either for or against ID’s design arguments, though philosophical and Africanized reasons can and do influence our beliefs regarding the history of life, evolution and design, such considerations cannot allow us to wholly bypass discussion of the empirical evidence. Opinions about the designedness (and undesignedness) of the cosmos are in practice formed in a complex interplay of many influences, including empirical, philosophical, theological and psychological factors, among others. (The theological and philosophical side of Intelligent Design is also very important for the movement itself, even though this side of the movement is not mentioned in the CSC’s definition. It is possible that the omission is made for the strategic reason that emphasizing the theological side of ID’s project could make it more difficult to get a hearing for ID’s empirical arguments in the secular media and public schools.) The discussion ion ID often impinges on fundamental theological and philosophical questions regarding the relationship of science and religion, the ultimate character of reality and how beliefs are justified. There are many interesting philosophical issues to analyse in design arguments, and the argument’s logical structure needs to be clarified. The evaluation of the current state of natural science is not necessary for this kind of philosophical work, Philosophical and theological differences strongly influence the different views about the rationality of design arguments, and not acknowledging their important role on all sides would lead to a misleading representation of the debate.
- ItemThe Law of Forensics: a proof beyond the shadow of doubt(Jescho Publishing House, 2021) Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherThis book gives an understanding of the application of forensic sciences to the law. It covers the crime scene investigation process, and provides an overview of the various kinds of forensic evidence that may be collected and presented in court. Points out the identification, documentation and collection of physical evidence, including fingerprints, shoe impressions, hair fibers, firearms evidence and questioned documents, It considers biological evidence, including DNA, and tries to analyse the scientific unimpeachablity of DNA, blood spatter and other fluids, forensic anthropology and odontology. Finally, the book engages fire investigation and forensic accounting. It is designed to provide a foundation in the field of criminology who are interested in the use of science and law to solve crime, and considers the impact of television and other media on the field of Forensic Science and the courtroom.
- ItemThe Law of Oil and Gas in Uganda(Jescho Publishing House, 2021) Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherThe nature of oil and gas is one that is wide. As an industry, it covers very many areas of the economy and the social structure. It is concerned with the community; the people who are affected by the work it does. This is because the industry must acquire land or work side by side with the communities in order to extract oil. In this process, the industry must be careful to establish a working relationship between themselves and the communities concerned. The oil and gas industry also concerns the environment and its sustainability. This paper found that the work carried out by the oil and gas sector has a direct impact on the well-being of the environment. Poor working mechanisms could potentially harm the environment. The industry can pollute air, land and water bodies thereby choking the surrounding environments of their existence and well-being. The industry is also concerned with the welfare of its own workers. It must be able to respect and uphold their health and safety while at work or risk facing court cases that will usually require compensation. The Oil and Gas sector is comprised of numerous contracts that must exist to set the project into action. These contracts are principally between the IOC and the state that owns the resource. They can also be contracts between the IOCs and different subsidiary companies whose role is to carry out certain activities that the IOC could not carry out on its own. The oil and gas mining is a venture that takes up a long amount of time. The bringing of oil to fruition can take years of hard work and as such, there is an investment that must be made at the early stages. This investment can only be regained at the end of the exhaustion of the project. This is why the sector is very sensitive to changes in laws and taxation regimes as we know them. If these changes occur to the sector without rightful insurance, it becomes difficult to see the possibility of reaping from the sector. The exploitation of Oil and Gas has extensive bearings upon the Communities where the oil is situated. The settlers in the Albertine region have so far been affected by the exploration stages of production. Some have been asked to relocate, with or without compensation. Some have been resettled to other parts in the country for purposes of exploration. This is because of the effects the processes of the mining could potentially have on their health and the environment at large. The environment and climate are usually not spared in this too and as such, many measures must be put in place to preserve the environment as much as is possible during these processes of exploitation of the resource. These measures include the passing or updating of laws concerned with environmental management, and ratifying of international instruments that protect the same. Also, the production of Oil undergoes different stages of production. The Upstream which entails the exploration and drilling of the oil; midstream which is concerned with transportation of this oil to refineries for purifying; and then downstream which is concerned with the marketing and sale of the product. All these processes will in essence require a lot of contracts with many different organisations and many subcontracts as well. Some are straight up necessary; others are required by the law. All these factors; numerous contracts, upfront investment, long life span, sensitivity to change in laws and tax regimes, climate and community impact and different stages of production; increase the chances of disputes arising. Indeed, any of the mentioned factors has led to disputes that have required settlement. Oil exploration started way back in the early 347 AD in China. In East Africa, oil exploration started in the early 1930s by the British colonialists. The discovery of oil in South Sudan, in 1987 brought many prospects of oil discoveries in East Africa. 2006 massive oil reserves were discovered on the Ugandan shores of Lake Albert. However, the discovery of oil in Uganda is traceable far back before independence. Oil exploration activities were started in the 1920s by W.J. Wayland, a Colonial Government Geologist of the British Protectorate. The first well was drilled at a place called Butiaba-Waki in 1938. However, the activities did not solemnize due to the outbreak of the Second World War in the 1940s and the political instabilities of in the 1960s -1970s. These activities were resumed in 1983, leading to confirmation of the presence of oil in reasonable commercial reserves. The first recoverable oil discovery was made in 2006 by Hardman Petroleum and Energy Africa (now Tullow Oil) in Mputa-1 well Kaiso-Tonya. This brings the total discoveries of oil in Uganda to 21 to date. Oil and Gas Exploration in Uganda is currently taking place in the Albertine Graben region. This is part of the East African Rift System and runs along Uganda’s western border with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). It is 500 km long and estimated to be 45 km in width. Amount of oil estimated to have been discovered is 6.5billion barrels. (I barrel is equivalent to 159 liters). Out of which 1.4 billion barrels is estimated as recoverable. The area explored presently represents less than 40% of the total area with the potential for petroleum production in the Albertine Graben and only 12% is licensed. There is therefore potential for additional petroleum resources to be discovered in the country when additional exploration is undertaken. It is important to note that not all that oil will be discovered. Globally, an average of 20%-30% of oil in place recovered economically using the available technologies.
- ItemThe Law of Penology and Criminology: "I can't breathe", a legal philosophical appraisal of the need to harmonize the law in Uganda(Jescho Publishing House, 2021) Lubogo, Isaac Christopher“If a law is unjust, a man is not only right to disobey it, he is obligated to do so as a test of legal validity, any law that degrades human personality is unjust. All segregation statutes are unjust because segregation distorts the soul and damages the personality. It gives the segregator a false sense of superiority and the segregated a false sense of inferiority “Woe to those who make unjust laws, to those who issue oppressive decrees, to deprive the poor of their rights and withhold justice from the oppressed of my people, making widows their prey and robbing the fatherless.” ~ Isaiah 10:1 Recent developments in the law have occurred against a background of mounting public anxiety about violent street crime. Leading politicians have proclaimed crime a priority rivaling even inflation and defense. As the sense of urgency intensifies, the desperate search for answers quickens. Virtually every day, a politician, editorial writer, or criminal justice professional offers a new prescription for ending crime. I believe the discussion currently raging over justice issues can best be understood by focusing upon a central question: Must we compromise the most basic values of our democratic society in our desperation to fight crime? I have elsewhere considered the implications of this question for issues of criminal responsibility and for policy choices in the administration of justice. In this book, I will examine the ways in which different answers to this fundamental question can affect the development of legal doctrine, particularly with respect to the constitutional rights of those accused of crime. Proﬁciency in law involves a number of different skills and competencies. It requires knowledge of the rules wherein the elements of criminal offences are to be found. It requires knowledge of the rules of evidence and procedure. It requires an ability to identify the rule(s) applicable to a fact situation and to apply them logically and coherently. Attaining these latter competencies is necessary to discharge effectively the day-to-day tasks of a criminal lawyer solicitor, advocate or judge. However, true mastery requires something further. It requires also a critical and evaluative attitude. The law in action is not just a matter of doctrine, it has its purpose that is the delivery of justice and criminal justice which are a contingent outcome in which rule, process and context all play their part. It is not simply a logical description of what happens when rule meets (prohibited) event. Understanding the law requires, therefore, an appreciation of the day-to-day workings and constitution of the criminal justice system. Moreover, it requires an understanding of the resources of the criminal law to produce substantive justice. If the mechanical application of a given rule to a fact situation acquits a dangerous or wicked person, or convicts someone neither dangerous nor blameworthy according to ordinary standards, the law may be considered not only ‘an ass’ but as confounding its own rationale. Understanding this rationale is also, therefore, a necessary preliminary to understanding the law itself since it will inform a realistic appreciation of what can be argued and what cannot. At its most basic, to know what the law is may require an understanding of how to produce cogent and principled arguments for change. This book seeks to examine the rules of the law in an evaluative context. It concerns itself with what makes a crime, both at a general theoretical level and at the level of individual offences. It addresses what the law is and, from the point of view of the ideas, principles and policies informing it, also what it ought to be. We will explore some general matters which will help to inform such an evaluative attitude, the principles and ideas informing decisions to criminalize will be considered. What is it, say, which renders incitement to racial hatred a criminal offence, incitement to sexual hatred a matter at most of personal morality and sexual and racial discrimination a subject of redress only under the civil law? This book examines punishment and the theories used to justify it. Although this is the subject-matter of its own discrete discipline, namely penology, some understanding is necessary for the student of law. It provides a basis for subjecting the rules of criminal law to effective critical scrutiny. If we have a clear idea of why we punish, we are in a position to determine, for example, what fault elements should separate murder from manslaughter, or indeed whether they should be merged in a single offence. Without such an idea our opinions will, inevitably, issue from our prejudices rather than our understanding. Individual offences themselves are covered and although elements of these offences vary, they have certain things in common. In particular, they require proof of some prescribed deed on the part of the offender unaccompanied by any excusing or justifying condition, together with a designated mental attitude, commonly known as guilty mind. Since this model of liability (conduct–consequence–mental attitude–absence of defense) is fairly constant throughout the criminal law these separate elements and the ideas informing them will be explored in before we meet the offences themselves, so as to avoid unnecessary duplication. Finally, we will examine how criminal liability may be incurred without personally executing a substantive offence, whether by participating in an offence perpetrated by another or by inciting, attempting or conspiring to commit a substantive offence. Before tackling these issues we will, examine some general issues pertinent to understanding the law and its operation, concentrating, in particular, upon the philosophy, workings and constitution of the justice system.
- ItemThe law of sports and entertainment in Uganda(Jescho Publishing House, 2022) Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherSports can be defined as institutionalized competitive activity which involves two or more opponents and stresses physical exertion by serious competitors who represent or are part of formally organized associations. According to the Oxford Dictionary, sport is an amusement, diversion, fun, pastime and game. Sports have been differentiated from games on the basis of the high physical skill factor they involve, and a sociologist has defined sport as institutionalized competitive activity which involves two or more opponents and stresses physical exertion by serious competitors who represent or are part of formally organized associations. Others define, sport, as a combination of physical and mental activity, governed by a set of rules or customs with social, educational and cultural dimensions. According to Bellis Mary, the documented history of sports goes back to at least 3000 years. In the beginning, sports often involved preparation for war or training as hunters which explain why so many early games involved throwing of spears, stones and rocks and sparring one on one with opponents. The physical activity that developed into sports had early links with ritual, warfare and entertainment. As far back as the beginning of sport, it was related to military training. For example, competition was used as a means to determine whether individuals were fit and useful for services. With the first Olympic Games in 776 BC that included events such as foot and chariot races, wrestling, jumping, discus and javelin throwing the ancient Greeks introduced formal sports to the world.
- ItemLaw of Witchcraft in Uganda(Suigeneris Publishers, 2022) Lubogo, Isaac ChristopherUse of supernatural or magical powers is a prominent phenomenon since antiquity till date. In our latter days, successful businessmen have been accused of amassing illicit wealth through the practice of witchcraft and magic, notions of blood money. Imagine such scene of a woman sitting on broom, holding it at its long handle and perhaps naked, freely floating in space with ease like directed balloon. One wonders about any possibility of mysterious healing. Like who does that or can do that? Pursuing a course in witchcraft and magic at one of the best universities on the face of the earth, another thought coming handy. Yet furthermore, discovering a world super power like America with legislation on sorcery is too much to imagine. Headlines on the media about cadavers being exhumed for body parts, human sacrifices, albinos and twins mostly being the major victims and or people being banished from their homes for witchcraft. To commit oneself whether wholly or partially in a trade where the bravest fear and courageous menfolk and womenfolk shun off is precisely a mindboggling manifestation of human uniqueness.