Browsing by Author "Katono, Isaac Wasswa"
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- ItemAction and Action-Regulation in Entrepreneurship: Evaluating a Student Training for Promoting Entrepreneurship(Academy of Management Learning & Education, 2015) Gielnik, Michael M.; Frese, Michael; Kahara-Kawuki, Audrey; Katono, Isaac Wasswa; Kyejjusa, Sarah; Munene, John; Ngoma, Muhammed; Namatovu-Dawa, Rebecca; Nansubuga, Florence; Orobia, Laura; Oyugi, Jacob; Sejjaaka, Samuel; Sserwanga, Arthur; Walter, Thomas; Bischoff, Kim Marie; Dlugosch, Thorsten J.Action plays a central role in entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship education. Based on action regulation theory, we developed an action-based entrepreneurship training. We investigated the question of how the training transmitted its effects on entrepreneurial action and start-up. The training put a particular focus on action insofar as the participants learned action principles and engaged in the start-up of a real business during the training. We evaluated the training’s impact over a 12-month period using a randomized control group design in a developing country (Uganda). As hypothesized, the training had positive effects on action-regulatory factors (entrepreneurial goals, action planning, action knowledge, and entrepreneurial self-efficacy) and the action-regulatory factors predicted entrepreneurial action. Entrepreneurial action and business opportunity identification mediated the effect of the training on new business start-up. Our study shows that an action-based entrepreneurship training promotes entrepreneurial action via action-regulatory mechanisms. Thus, action regulatory mechanisms play an important role in the process that leads to the new business creation.
- ItemConflict management style in Uganda: a gender perspective(Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2010) Manyak, Terrell G.; Katono, Isaac WasswaPurpose – The paper aims to investigate whether differences exist in the conflict management styles exhibited by male and female managers at different organizational levels in Uganda. Design/methodology/approach – Using samples from organizations within Uganda, the paper utilizes the Rahim Organization Conflict Inventory to collect data. Findings – Independent sample t-tests of the hypotheses reveal that basically no statistically significant differences exist in the way men and women in Uganda handle conflict when dealing with subordinates, peers, or supervisors. Research limitations/implications – Research is restricted to a convenience sample of educated working men and women in the greater Kampala urban area. The findings serve to dispel the widely held myth that women in Uganda use significantly different management styles than men because of the patrilineal nature of the male dominated society. Practical implications – The paper shows that Ugandan women exhibit little difference from their male counterparts in how they deal with conflict. They also have much in common with their female counterparts in the developed world in confronting gender based discrimination in the workplace. Social implications – The findings of this paper neutralize some of the negative connotations about women in Uganda and may help lead to a protracted campaign to change the attitudes toward women in this patriarchal society. Originality/value – Little is known in Africa about the conflict management styles of women because they are only now becoming a significant element in the economies of developing countries. This paper fills some of gaps.
- ItemConstraints to Ugandan SME’s Participation in AGOA(2007-12) Katono, Isaac WasswaMany Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Uganda have not utilized the opportunities presented by AGOA. The objective of this study was to examine the constraints that hinder these firms from utilizing these opportunities. Specifically the study examined the macro constraints facing these firms, with a view to finding solutions to them. A literature review was carried out to identify challenges to SME’s participation in AGOA. , followed by a triangulation technique in which a qualitative study (Focus Discussion Group) involving key stakeholders in this business was done to further identity these constraints and their underlying dimensions. Instrument development was next, followed by a reliability analysis in which the psychometric properties of the instrument were assessed on the basis of Cronbach’s alpha. A quantitative study was then done by administering the refined questionnaire to a group of exporters. Factor Analysis by promax (oblimin ) rotation revealed six oblique factors identifying that the most important constraints facing Ugandan SMEs are Lack of middle managers, infrastructure, technology, marketing , inadequate export credit and governance issues. The study calls for technological transfer from the developed countries to the Less Developed Countries (LDCs) in addition to addressing the other barriers. There is also a need for exporters to develop better marketing skills through training .The study implores the government to put policies in place that will enhance the development of SMEs.
- ItemConstruction of an instrument to measure social valuation in an emerging market context(Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2011) Katono, Isaac WasswaPurpose – This study aims to construct a parsimonious instrument to measure social valuation in a collective setting using Uganda as an example. Design/methodology/approach – A triangulation technique was used in this study. Conversations with students, parents, teaching and non‐teaching staff at Uganda Christian University (UCU) main campus were carried out, as well as a rigorous review of the literature to gather an original set of items on social valuation. Content and face validity were carried out in order to get rid of redundant and ambiguous items. The remaining items were incorporated in a questionnaire which was pretested before being distributed to a convenience sample of 650 third‐year business students on the four campuses of UCU, each located in one of the four regions of Uganda. Findings – Principal axis factoring by promax rotation extracted six oblique factors accounting for 56 percent of the variance, namely, teaching of entrepreneurship in schools, family, knowledge, institutions, perception of education, and culture. Confirmatory factor analysis found the measurement model to have acceptable fit statistics. Research limitations/implications – The study used a convenience sample of students from four campuses of one institution in the country. Practical implications – Government and other stakeholders in the entrepreneurial sector should use the instrument developed in this study as a guide in a bid to enhance entrepreneurship. Originality/value – Existing measures of social valuation were designed in the West and may not be wholly applicable in a developing country setting. The instrument designed in this study in a collective setting should be a great contribution to entrepreneurial research and development in developing economies.
- ItemDecentralization and Conflict in Uganda: Governance Adrift.(2010) Katono, Isaac Wasswa; Manyak, Terrell G.This study examines the challenges that threaten one of Africa’s most ambitious experiments in political, administrative and fiscal decentralization. Based on extensive interviews with local government leaders throughout Uganda, the research uncovered a complex interplay of conflicts that impact decision-making effectiveness. The sources of these conflicts center around (a) the impact of national politics on local government as the country approaches the 2011 election, (b) the inability to meet rising citizen demand for services as the tax base of local governments continues to erode, (c) the corrosive impact of social conflicts stemming mostly from poverty and illiteracy complicated by tribal and ethnic differences, and (d) the challenges of developing honest and effective leadership in local government. Can Uganda unravel this web of conflicts to bring meaningful governance to this young nation? Indeed, many countries within the developing world are watching this experiment with a great deal of interest.
- ItemEnvironmental factors and graduate start up in Uganda(2010) Katono, Isaac Wasswa; Heintze, AnnaPurpose: A major concern in many countries is the failure to see high levels of apparent intent to start up amongst graduates. This study investigates the relationship between social and closer valuation and intention to start a business by graduates in Uganda.
- ItemEthically questionable behavior and consumerism in Uganda: A survey of university students(2016-05) Katono, Isaac WasswaWhile consumerism seems to be on the rise in many societies, little attempt has been made to link consumerism to unethical behavior and its antecedents namely work ethic and perceived unfairness. The purpose of this study is to compare female and male perceptions of work ethic, unethical behavior, and consumerism, and use this as a basis to examine whether unethical behavior and its antecedents explain consumerism in an emerging market context where consumer protection is at a minimum. Based on a cross-sectional survey research design, this study uses valid measures from previous studies to collect data from a systematic sample of students from a large private university, Findings indicate that women and male students do not differ much on most of the items on the three scales. Further, the study finds a direct link between perceived unfairness, unethical behavior, and consumerism, while work ethic and consumerism are mediated by unethical behavior. Implications for government and business organizations are discussed.
- ItemExamining the ADR-tistry of land mediators in northern Uganda(2011) Akin, Jeremy; Katono, Isaac WasswaLand wrangles are astonishingly common in Uganda today. Recent studies show that disputes over customary land—which accounts for 80 percent of the country and nearly all land in Northern Uganda—are on the rise, especially in the wake of recent development schemes and returns from displacement. With agriculture accounting for 82 percent of the country’s labour force and nearly a quarter of its Gross Domestic Product, the prevalence of these disputes threatens Uganda’s social stability and economic development. The vital role played by access to land in the sustenance of rural livelihoods also lends itself to particularly brutal strains of conflict. These cases—viewed by many as fights for survival—are often characterised by arson, destruction of property witchcraft, physical assault, and murder. A host of different actors from both traditional and formal sectors have responded to demands to resolve these escalating land conflicts. With such a milieu of independent doctors treating the same epidemic, however, it is not surprising that duplicated efforts, technical inefficiency, and arbitrary prescriptions often result. Moreover, the capacity of both state and local institutions to efficiently handle such large caseloads is severely lacking. In response, Non-‐Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and community actors have begun offering Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) services to amicably and affordably resolve these conflicts among the most vulnerable populations. Yet the large working gaps between today’s justice actors and the widespread lack of enforcement of both judgments and ADR settlements remain sources of intense frustration for many people seeking justice.
- ItemGreen Information Technology Audit and Digitalization in Small Medium Enterprise (SME): Factors That Influence Intentions to Use Hotel Websites(International Journal of Information Communication Technologies and Human Development, 2014-12) Ariwa, Ezendu; Olaya, Sarah; Katono, Isaac WasswaAccording to Chung and law (2003); Jeong et al (2003); Jeong and Lambert (2001) and Kim et al. (2003), information satisfaction is the most important requirement of online customers’ purchases decision making. This need remains largely unmet despite the growing importance of e-commerce within the hospitality industry. According to Kim et al. (2005), the changing trend in the business activities is largely attributable to the fast and improved developments in information and telecommunications. As a result, Chung and Law, (2003) noted that the Internet is also helping to drive down overhead costs for the hospitality industry and cost of information for the customers, as the traditional method of communication is slowly being phased out. Similarly Kim et al (2005) argue that the Internet gives the customers more advantages by allowing them to obtain valuable information such as prices and hotel facilities without the need of getting into contact with any sales agents. In addition, the Internet provides the customers with numerous supplies allowing customers to access a pool of products and services information from which they can make choices and compare prices.
- ItemImpact of Multiparty Politics on Local Government in Uganda(Indiana University Press, 2011) Manyak, Terrell G.; Katono, Isaac WasswaFollowing years of civil strife, Uganda emerged as a “movement only” state under the National Resistance Movement led by Yoweri Museveni. One of the major innovations of this new government was to implement a strategy of administrative and fiscal decentralization. This experiment was long hailed as an African success story, but the reemergence of multiparty politics in 2006 is having a major impact on local governance. This study traces the development of political parties and local governments in Uganda. It then examines how multiparty politics has resulted in changes that have impacted decision making at the local government level. The study concludes that multiparty politics is leading to fiscal insolvency of local governments, the creation of unviable new district governments, and administrative recentralization.
- ItemThe management practices of ICT integration in the curriculum of the primary schools in Uganda(The 8th International Conference on e-learning Capetown University of Capapeninsular university of Technology, 2013) Kyakulumbye, Stephen; Katono, Isaac WasswaThe study investigates how ICT integration in the primary school curriculum is managed in Uganda. School management practices were conceptualized as planning, organization and coordination. The dependent variable is ICT integration. The study is a cross sectional survey using mainly quantitative data. The population comprised teachers and school head teachers in Mukono District in Uganda. Data was collected using self administered questionnaires using a likert scale. The response rate of 94.2% was sufficient to rely on the results of this study. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistical analysis, correlation analysis (Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient) and multiple regression analysis to establish the causal influence of management practices on ICT integration. The major finding of this study was that planning, coordination and organization significantly impacts ICT integration. A multiple regression analysis revealed that all the management practices had a casual effect on ICT integration. Recommendations are made that the state should formulate and implement policies to schools to regulate ICT implementation and prescribe strategies to influence teachers’ attitude to ICT integration, and offer support to school management to enhance their management practices in order to manage the ICT integration process into the curriculum. In addition, based on the research, we propose that more software and hardware should be made available to schools. Further research may measure the management styles and change management strategies that may be adopted in order to successfully integrate ICT into the primary school curriculum. Such a study may be triangulated with the qualitative views from the respondents.
- ItemStudent evaluation of e-service quality criteria in Uganda: the case of automatic teller machines(Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2010-03) Katono, Isaac WasswaPurpose – This study aims to identify the most important e-service quality evaluation dimensions in an emerging market context, focusing specifically on automatic teller machines (ATMs). Design/methodology/approach – The study employs a triangulation approach, using both qualitative and quantitative methods based on a convenience sample composed mainly of students at Uganda Christian University. Instrument development was based on the results of a qualitative study. The psychometric properties of this instrument were assessed using exploratory factor analysis followed by cross-validation using confirmatory factor analysis. This was followed by hierarchical linear regression to identify the most important dimensions of e-service quality. Findings – The study establishes that tangibles, card issues, reliability and location are the most important student service quality evaluation dimensions of ATMs in Uganda. Research limitations/implications – The study utilized a convenience sample of mainly college age students; however, many of them are working and engaged in business activities. Practical implications – Managers should consider the identified dimensions when designing an ATM network to encourage usage of ATM facilities and decongest their banks. Originality/value – This study is one of the few of its nature in an emerging market context.