Novel Intact Bitter Cassava: Sustainable Development and Desirability Optimisation of Packaging Films

Thumbnail Image
Date
2016
Authors
Tumwesigye, Kashub Steven
Oliveira, J.C.
Sousa-Gallagher, Maria Jose
Montañez, J. C.
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Food Bioprocess Technol Journal
Abstract
Novel biomaterials and optimal processing conditions are fundamental in low-cost packaging material production. Recently, a novel biobased intact bitter cassava derivative was developed using an intrinsic, high-throughput downstream processing methodology (simultaneous release recovery cyanogenesis). Processing of intact bitter cassava can minimise waste and produce low-cost added value biopolymer packaging films. The objective of this study was to (i) develop and characterise intact bitter cassava biobased films and (ii) determine the optimal processing conditions, which define the most desirable film properties. Films were developed following a Box-Behnken design considering cassava (2, 3, 4 % w/v), glycerol (20, 30, 40 % w/w) and drying temperature (30, 40, 50 °C) and optimized using multi-response desirability. Processing conditions produced films with highly significant (p < 0.05) differences. Developed models predicted impact of processing conditions on film properties. Desirable film properties for food packaging were produced using the optimised processing conditions, 2 % w/v cassava, 40.0%w/w glycerol and 50 °C drying temperature. These processing conditions produced films with 0.3 %; transparency, 3.4 %; solubility, 21.8 %; water-vapour-permeability, 4.2 gmm/m2/day/kPa; glass transition, 56 °C; melting temperature, 212.6 °C; tensile strength, 16.3 MPa; elongation, 133.3 %; elastic modulus, 5.1MPa and puncture resistance, 57.9 J, which are adequate for packaging applications. Therefore, intact bitter cassava is a viable material to produce packaging films that can be tailored for specific sustainable, low-cost applications.
Description
This is a research article on novel biomaterials and optimal processing conditions are fundamental in low-cost packaging material production.
Keywords
Bitter cassava , Biobased film , Optimization desirability
Citation
Tumwesigye S. K., Montañez J. C. & J. C. Oliveira1 & M. J. Sousa-Gallagher. Novel Intact Bitter Cassava: Sustainable Development and Desirability Optimisation of Packaging Films Food Bioprocess Technol (2016) 9:801–812 DOI 10.1007/s11947-015-1665-y